Eulerian two-phase model reveals the importance of wave period in ripple evolution and equilibrium geometry

Alternative Title
Date Created
Related Materials
Replaced By
Sand ripple
Ripple evolution
Sediment transport
Two-phase modeling
The evolution of ripple geometries and their equilibrium states due to different wave forcing parameters are investigated by a Reynolds-averaged two-phase model, SedFoam, in a two-dimensional domain. Modeled ripple geometries, for a given uniform grain diameter, show a good agreement with ripple predictors that include the wave period effect explicitly, in addition to the wave orbital excursion length (or wave orbital velocity amplitude). Furthermore, using a series of numerical experiments, the ripple's response to a step-change in the wave forcing is studied. The model is capable of simulating “splitting,” “sliding,” “merging,” and “protruding” as the ripples evolve to a new equilibrium state. The model can also simulate the transition to sheet flow in energetic wave conditions and ripple reformation from a nearly flat bed condition. Simulation results reveal that the equilibrium state is such that the “primary” vortices reach half of the ripple length. Furthermore, an analysis of the suspended load and near-bed load ratio in the equilibrium state indicates that in the orbital ripple regime, the near-bed load is dominant while the suspended load is conducive to the ripple decaying regime (suborbital ripples) and sheet flow condition.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2021. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 126(7), (2021): e2021JF006132,
Embargo Date
Salimi-Tarazouj, A., Hsu, T.-J., Traykovski, P., & Chauchat, J. (2021). Eulerian two-phase model reveals the importance of wave period in ripple evolution and equilibrium geometry. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 126(7), e2021JF006132.
Cruise ID
Cruise DOI
Vessel Name