Desert dust and anthropogenic aerosol interactions in the Community Climate System Model coupled-carbon-climate model

dc.contributor.author Mahowald, Natalie M.
dc.contributor.author Lindsay, Keith
dc.contributor.author Rothenberg, D.
dc.contributor.author Doney, Scott C.
dc.contributor.author Moore, J. Keith
dc.contributor.author Thornton, Peter E.
dc.contributor.author Randerson, James T.
dc.contributor.author Jones, C. D.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-03-25T15:46:38Z
dc.date.available 2011-03-25T15:46:38Z
dc.date.issued 2011-02-15
dc.description © The Authors, 2011. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. The definitive version was published in Biogeosciences 8 (2011): 387-414, doi:10.5194/bg-8-387-2011. en_US
dc.description.abstract Coupled-carbon-climate simulations are an essential tool for predicting the impact of human activity onto the climate and biogeochemistry. Here we incorporate prognostic desert dust and anthropogenic aerosols into the CCSM3.1 coupled carbon-climate model and explore the resulting interactions with climate and biogeochemical dynamics through a series of transient anthropogenic simulations (20th and 21st centuries) and sensitivity studies. The inclusion of prognostic aerosols into this model has a small net global cooling effect on climate but does not significantly impact the globally averaged carbon cycle; we argue that this is likely to be because the CCSM3.1 model has a small climate feedback onto the carbon cycle. We propose a mechanism for including desert dust and anthropogenic aerosols into a simple carbon-climate feedback analysis to explain the results of our and previous studies. Inclusion of aerosols has statistically significant impacts on regional climate and biogeochemistry, in particular through the effects on the ocean nitrogen cycle and primary productivity of altered iron inputs from desert dust deposition. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work was done under the auspices of NASA NNG06G127G, NSF grants 0748369, 0932946, 0745961 and 0832782. The work of C. J. was supported by the Joint DECC/Defra Met Office Hadley Centre Climate Programme (GA01101). en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier.citation Biogeosciences 8 (2011): 387-414 en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.5194/bg-8-387-2011
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1912/4421
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union en_US
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-8-387-2011
dc.rights Attribution 3.0 Unported *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ *
dc.title Desert dust and anthropogenic aerosol interactions in the Community Climate System Model coupled-carbon-climate model en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dspace.entity.type Publication
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