Evolving the physical global ocean observing system for research and application services through international coordination

dc.contributor.author Sloyan, Bernadette M.
dc.contributor.author Wilkin, John L.
dc.contributor.author Hill, Katherine Louise
dc.contributor.author Chidichimo, Maria Paz
dc.contributor.author Cronin, Meghan F.
dc.contributor.author Johannessen, Johnny A.
dc.contributor.author Karstensen, Johannes
dc.contributor.author Krug, Marjolaine
dc.contributor.author Lee, Tong
dc.contributor.author Oka, Eitarou
dc.contributor.author Palmer, Matthew D.
dc.contributor.author Rabe, Benjamin
dc.contributor.author Speich, Sabrina
dc.contributor.author von Schuckmann, Karina
dc.contributor.author Weller, Robert A.
dc.contributor.author Yu, Weidong
dc.date.accessioned 2019-09-18T13:21:05Z
dc.date.available 2019-09-18T13:21:05Z
dc.date.issued 2019-08-06
dc.description © The Author(s), 2019. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Sloyan, B. M., Wilkin, J., Hill, K. L., Chidichimo, M. P., Cronin, M. F., Johannessen, J. A., Karstensen, J., Krug, M., Lee, T., Oka, E., Palmer, M. D., Rabe, B., Speich, S., von Schuckmann, K., Weller, R. A., & Yu, W. Evolving the physical global ocean observing system for research and application services through international coordination. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, (2019): 449, doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00449. en_US
dc.description.abstract Climate change and variability are major societal challenges, and the ocean is an integral part of this complex and variable system. Key to the understanding of the ocean’s role in the Earth’s climate system is the study of ocean and sea-ice physical processes, including its interactions with the atmosphere, cryosphere, land, and biosphere. These processes include those linked to ocean circulation; the storage and redistribution of heat, carbon, salt and other water properties; and air-sea exchanges of heat, momentum, freshwater, carbon, and other gasses. Measurements of ocean physics variables are fundamental to reliable earth prediction systems for a range of applications and users. In addition, knowledge of the physical environment is fundamental to growing understanding of the ocean’s biogeochemistry and biological/ecosystem variability and function. Through the progress from OceanObs’99 to OceanObs’09, the ocean observing system has evolved from a platform centric perspective to an integrated observing system. The challenge now is for the observing system to evolve to respond to an increasingly diverse end user group. The Ocean Observations Physics and Climate panel (OOPC), formed in 1995, has undertaken many activities that led to observing system-related agreements. Here, OOPC will explore the opportunities and challenges for the development of a fit-for-purpose, sustained and prioritized ocean observing system, focusing on physical variables that maximize support for fundamental research, climate monitoring, forecasting on different timescales, and society. OOPC recommendations are guided by the Framework for Ocean Observing which emphasizes identifying user requirements by considering time and space scales of the Essential Ocean Variables. This approach provides a framework for reviewing the adequacy of the observing system, looking for synergies in delivering an integrated observing system for a range of applications and focusing innovation in areas where existing technologies do not meet these requirements. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship BS received support from the Centre for Southern Hemisphere Oceans Research, a collaboration between the CSIRO and the Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology and the Australian Government Department of the Environment and CSIRO through the Australian Climate Change Science Programme and by the National Environmental Science Program. JK was supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under the grant agreement no. 633211 (AtlantOS). MP was supported by the Met Office Hadley Centre Climate Programme funded by the BEIS and Defra. SS was supported by the Ecole Normale Supérieure, CNRS, and Ifremer funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under the grant agreement no. 633211 (AtlantOS), CNES, and ANR grants. en_US
dc.identifier.citation Sloyan, B. M., Wilkin, J., Hill, K. L., Chidichimo, M. P., Cronin, M. F., Johannessen, J. A., Karstensen, J., Krug, M., Lee, T., Oka, E., Palmer, M. D., Rabe, B., Speich, S., von Schuckmann, K., Weller, R. A., & Yu, W. (2019). Evolving the physical global ocean observing system for research and application services through international coordination. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 449. en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fmars.2019.00449
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1912/24568
dc.publisher Frontiers Media en_US
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00449
dc.rights Attribution 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ *
dc.subject Observing system evaluation en_US
dc.subject Observing system design en_US
dc.subject Sustained observations en_US
dc.subject Observing networks en_US
dc.subject Observation platforms en_US
dc.subject Climate en_US
dc.subject Weather en_US
dc.subject Operational services en_US
dc.title Evolving the physical global ocean observing system for research and application services through international coordination en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dspace.entity.type Publication
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