Production, use, and fate of all plastics ever made

dc.contributor.author Geyer, Roland
dc.contributor.author Jambeck, Jenna
dc.contributor.author Law, Kara L.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-08T14:44:40Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-08T14:44:40Z
dc.date.issued 2017-07-19
dc.description © The Author(s), 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Science Advances 3 (2017): e1700782, doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700782. en_US
dc.description.abstract Plastics have outgrown most man-made materials and have long been under environmental scrutiny. However, robust global information, particularly about their end-of-life fate, is lacking. By identifying and synthesizing dispersed data on production, use, and end-of-life management of polymer resins, synthetic fibers, and additives, we present the first global analysis of all mass-produced plastics ever manufactured. We estimate that 8300 million metric tons (Mt) as of virgin plastics have been produced to date. As of 2015, approximately 6300 Mt of plastic waste had been generated, around 9% of which had been recycled, 12% was incinerated, and 79% was accumulated in landfills or the natural environment. If current production and waste management trends continue, roughly 12,000 Mt of plastic waste will be in landfills or in the natural environment by 2050. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship R.G. was supported by the NSF Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental and Transport Systems grant #1335478. en_US
dc.identifier.citation Science Advances 3 (2017): e1700782 en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1126/sciadv.1700782
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1912/9157
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science en_US
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1700782
dc.rights Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ *
dc.title Production, use, and fate of all plastics ever made en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dspace.entity.type Publication
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relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery b0975b3d-c776-442f-b2fc-39e95688d4a2
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