Production, use, and fate of all plastics ever made

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2017-07-19
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Geyer, Roland
Jambeck, Jenna
Law, Kara L.
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10.1126/sciadv.1700782
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Abstract
Plastics have outgrown most man-made materials and have long been under environmental scrutiny. However, robust global information, particularly about their end-of-life fate, is lacking. By identifying and synthesizing dispersed data on production, use, and end-of-life management of polymer resins, synthetic fibers, and additives, we present the first global analysis of all mass-produced plastics ever manufactured. We estimate that 8300 million metric tons (Mt) as of virgin plastics have been produced to date. As of 2015, approximately 6300 Mt of plastic waste had been generated, around 9% of which had been recycled, 12% was incinerated, and 79% was accumulated in landfills or the natural environment. If current production and waste management trends continue, roughly 12,000 Mt of plastic waste will be in landfills or in the natural environment by 2050.
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© The Author(s), 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Science Advances 3 (2017): e1700782, doi:10.1126/sciadv.1700782.
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Science Advances 3 (2017): e1700782
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International