Relating the biogeochemistries of zinc, cobalt, and phosphorus to phytoplankton activities in the sea Wisniewski, Rachel J.
dc.coverage.spatial Subarctic North Pacific Ocean
dc.coverage.spatial Bering Sea
dc.coverage.spatial North Atlantic Ocean 2006-10-16T16:10:46Z 2006-10-16T16:10:46Z 2006-06
dc.description Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution June, 2006 en
dc.description.abstract This thesis explores the potential of zinc, cobalt, and phosphorus to influence primary production in the subarctic North Pacific, the Bering Sea, and the North Atlantic Ocean, In the North Pacific and Bering Sea, total zinc concentrations were measured along a near-surface transect and in selected deep profiles. Zinc speciation was also measured with a novel anodic stripping voltammetry method, and the results were consistent with previous studies using different methods. The potential for zinc to impact primary production in the North Pacific was demonstrated in a shipboard incubation and by comparing two phytoplankton pigment markers to total zinc and free zinc ion concentrations. In the North Atlantic, total dissolved zinc and cobalt concentrations were measured and compared to concentrations of dissolved inorganic phosphorus and chlorophyll. In some areas of the North Atlantic the concentrations of zinc and cobalt were decoupled. The relationship between cobalt and inorganic phosphorus suggests that cobalt drawdown may be related to a high alkaline phosphatase related demand at low phosphorus concentrations. This trend compliments a shipboard incubation where alkaline phosphatase activities increased after cobalt addition. The presence of measurable alkaline phosphatase activity indicated that the phytoplankton community in the Sargasso Sea was experiencing phosphorus stress. Shipboard incubations generally confirmed this with inorganic phosphorus additions resulting in chlorophyll increases at 4 out of 5 stations. Further, the addition of dissolved organic phosphorus, as either a phosphate monoester or a phosphonate compound, resulted in a chlorophyll increase in 3 out of 3 incubations. This suggests that dissolved organic phosphorus may be an important phosphorus source for phytoplankton in low phosphorus environments and that the ability to use phosphonates may be more widespread than previously recognized. Overall, this thesis adds to our understanding of how the nutrients phosphorus, zinc, and cobalt may influence primary production. en
dc.description.sponsorship I received funding towards my graduate research from the Richard Vanstone Summer Fellowship, the Stanley W. Watson Student Fellowship, the Arch Scurlock Fund for research, the Center for Environmental Bioinorganic Chemistry, the EPA STAR Fellowship, the National Science Foundation (OCE-0136835), and the WHO1 Academic Programs Office. en
dc.format.extent 7991004 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier.citation Wisniewski, R. J. (2006). Relating the biogeochemistries of zinc, cobalt, and phosphorus to phytoplankton activities in the sea [Doctoral thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution]. Woods Hole Open Access Server.
dc.identifier.doi 10.1575/1912/1263
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.publisher Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution en
dc.relation.ispartofseries WHOI Theses en
dc.subject Primary productivity en_US
dc.subject Biogeochemistry en_US
dc.subject Oceanus (Ship : 1975-) Cruise OC399 en_US
dc.title Relating the biogeochemistries of zinc, cobalt, and phosphorus to phytoplankton activities in the sea en
dc.type Thesis en
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication ec1e30d9-24e8-4ee8-98e4-f3a8c26e3aca
relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery ec1e30d9-24e8-4ee8-98e4-f3a8c26e3aca
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