Hydrothermal activity along the slow-spreading Lucky Strike ridge segment (Mid-Atlantic Ridge) : distribution, heatflux, and geological controls

dc.contributor.author Escartin, Javier E.
dc.contributor.author Barreyre, Thibaut
dc.contributor.author Cannat, Mathilde
dc.contributor.author Garcia, Rafael
dc.contributor.author Gracias, Nuno
dc.contributor.author Deschamps, Anne
dc.contributor.author Salocchi, Aura
dc.contributor.author Sarradin, Pierre-Marie
dc.contributor.author Ballu, Valerie
dc.date.accessioned 2015-12-11T17:39:11Z
dc.date.available 2015-12-11T17:39:11Z
dc.date.issued 2015-09
dc.description Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2015. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters 431 (2015): 1730185, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.09.025. en_US
dc.description.abstract We have reviewed available visual information from the seafloor, and recently acquired microbathymetry for several traverses across the Lucky Strike segment, to evaluate the distribution of hydrothermal activity. We have identified a new on-axis site with diffuse flow, Ewan, and anactive vent structure ~1.2 km from the axis, Capelinhos. These sites are minor relative to the Main field, and our total heatflux estimate for all active sites (200-1200 MW) is only slightly higher than previously published estimates. We also identify fossil sites W of the main Lucky Strike field. A circular feature ~200 m in diameter located on the flanks of a rifted off-axis central volcano, is likely a large and inactive hydrothermal edifice, named Grunnus. We find no indicator of focused hydrothermal activity elsewhere along the segment, suggesting that the enhanced melt supply and the associated melt lenses, required to form central volcanoes, also sustain hydrothermal circulation to form and maintain large and long-lived hydrothermal fields. Hydrothermal discharge to the seafloor occurs along fault traces, suggesting focusing of hydrothermal circulation in the shallow crust along permeable fault zones. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This work has been partly financed by ANR (France) Mothseim Project NT05-3 42213 toJE, and by EU-RTN-MOMARNET to MC. The French Ministry of Research financed ship, ROV and AUV time (Graviluck’06, MOMAR’08, Bathyluck’09, MOMARSAT cruises in 2010-2015) en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1912/7678
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.09.025
dc.title Hydrothermal activity along the slow-spreading Lucky Strike ridge segment (Mid-Atlantic Ridge) : distribution, heatflux, and geological controls en_US
dc.type Preprint en_US
dspace.entity.type Publication
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