Calibration and application of B/Ca, Cd/Ca, and δ11B in Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral) to constrain CO2 uptake in the subpolar North Atlantic during the last deglaciation Yu, Jimin Thornalley, David J. R. Rae, James W. B. McCave, I. Nick 2013-08-21T14:48:23Z 2014-10-22T08:57:22Z 2013-05-30
dc.description Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2013. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography 28 (2013): 237–252, doi:10.1002/palo.20024. en_US
dc.description.abstract The North Atlantic and Norwegian Sea are prominent sinks of atmospheric CO2 today, but their roles in the past remain poorly constrained. In this study, we attempt to use B/Ca and δ11B ratios in the planktonic foraminifera Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral variety) to reconstruct subsurface water pH and pCO2 changes in the polar North Atlantic during the last deglaciation. Comparison of core-top results with nearby hydrographic data shows that B/Ca in N. pachyderma (s) is mainly controlled by seawater B(OH)4−/HCO3− with a roughly constant partition coefficient of 1.48 ± 0.15 × 10−3 (2σ), and δ11B in this species is offset below δ11B of the borate in seawater by 3.38 ± 0.71‰ (2σ). These values represent our best estimates with the sparse available hydrographic data close to our core-tops. More culturing and sediment trap work is needed to improve our understanding of boron incorporation into N. pachyderma (s). Application of a constant KD of 1.48 × 10−3 to high resolution N. pachyderma (s) B/Ca records from two adjacent cores off Iceland shows that subsurface pCO2 at the habitat depth of N. pachyderma (s) (~50 m) generally followed the atmospheric CO2 trend but with negative offsets of ~10–50 ppmv during 19–10 ka. These B/Ca-based reconstructions are supported by independent estimates from low-resolution δ11B measurements in the same cores. We also calibrate and apply Cd/Ca in N. pachyderma (s) to reconstruct nutrient levels for the same down cores. Like today's North Atlantic, past subsurface pCO2 variability off Iceland was significantly correlated with nutrient changes that might be linked to surface nutrient utilization and mixing within the upper water column. Because surface pCO2 (at 0 m water depth) is always lower than at deeper depths and if the application of a constant KD is valid, our results suggest that the polar North Atlantic has remained a CO2 sink during the calcification seasons of N. pachyderma (s) over the last deglaciation. en_US
dc.description.embargo 2013-11-30 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This research is funded by Lamont-Doherty Postdoctoral Fellowship, Lawrence Livermore Fellowship and the Australian National University (J.Y.), by NERC RAPID grant NER/T/S/2002/00436 (N. M. and D. T.), and by a NERC PhD studentship (J.R.). en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier.citation Paleoceanography 28 (2013): 237–252 en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/palo.20024
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher John Wiley & Sons en_US
dc.subject Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (s) en_US
dc.subject B/Ca, Cd/Ca, d11B en_US
dc.subject Subsurface pH and pCO2 and nutrients en_US
dc.title Calibration and application of B/Ca, Cd/Ca, and δ11B in Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral) to constrain CO2 uptake in the subpolar North Atlantic during the last deglaciation en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dspace.entity.type Publication
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