Briggs Nathan

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The technological, scientific, and sociological revolution of global subsurface ocean observing

2022-01-07 , Roemmich, Dean , Talley, Lynne D. , Zilberman, Nathalie , Osborne, Emily , Johnson, Kenneth S. , Barbero, Leticia , Bittig, Henry C. , Briggs, Nathan , Fassbender, Andrea J. , Johnson, Gregory C. , King, Brian A. , McDonagh, Elaine L. , Purkey, Sarah G. , Riser, Stephen C. , Suga, Toshio , Takeshita, Yuichiro , Thierry, Virginie , Wijffels, Susan E.

The complementary partnership of the Global Ocean Ship-based Hydrographic Investigations Program (GO-SHIP; https://www.go-ship.org/) and the Argo Program (https://argo.ucsd.edu) has been instrumental in providing sustained subsurface observations of the global ocean for over two decades. Since the late twentieth century, new clues into the ocean’s role in Earth’s climate system have revealed a need for sustained global ocean observations (e.g., Gould et al., 2013; Schmitt, 2018) and stimulated revolutionary technology advances needed to address the societal mandate. Together, the international GO-SHIP and Argo Program responded to this need, providing insight into the mean state and variability of the physics, biology, and chemistry of the ocean that led to advancements in fundamental science and monitoring of the state of Earth's climate.