Petushkov, Valentin N.; Dubinnyi, Maxim A.; Tsarkova, Aleksandra S.; Rodionova, Natalja S.; Baranov, Mikhail S.; Kublitski, Vadim S.; Shimomura, Osamu; Yampolsky, Ilia V.
We report structure elucidation and synthesis of the luciferin from the recently discovered luminous earthworm Fridericia heliota. This luciferin represents a key component of a novel ATP-dependent bioluminescence system. The UV, fluorescence, NMR and HRMS spectral studies were performed on 5 mkg of the isolated substance, and gave four isomeric structures, conforming with spectral data. These isomers were chemically synthesized and one of them was found to produce light in the reaction with a protein extract from Fridericia. The novel luciferin was found to have an unusual deeply modified peptidic nature, implying an unprecedented mechanism of action.