Smith Jeramiah J.

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Jeramiah J.

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  • Article
    The African coelacanth genome provides insights into tetrapod evolution
    (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-04-17) Amemiya, Chris T. ; Alfoldi, Jessica ; Lee, Alison P. ; Fan, Shaohua ; Philippe, Herve ; MacCallum, Iain ; Braasch, Ingo ; Manousaki, Tereza ; Schneider, Igor ; Rohner, Nicolas ; Organ, Chris ; Chalopin, Domitille ; Smith, Jeramiah J. ; Robinson, Mark ; Dorrington, Rosemary A. ; Gerdol, Marco ; Aken, Bronwen ; Assunta Biscotti, Maria ; Barucca, Marco ; Baurain, Denis ; Berlin, Aaron M. ; Blatch, Gregory L. ; Buonocore, Francesco ; Burmester, Thorsten ; Campbell, Michael S. ; Canapa, Adriana ; Cannon, John P. ; Christoffels, Alan ; De Moro, Gianluca ; Edkins, Adrienne L. ; Fan, Lin ; Fausto, Anna Maria ; Feiner, Nathalie ; Forconi, Mariko ; Gamieldien, Junaid ; Gnerre, Sante ; Gnirke, Andreas ; Goldstone, Jared V. ; Haerty, Wilfried ; Hahn, Mark E. ; Hesse, Uljana ; Hoffmann, Steve ; Johnson, Jeremy ; Karchner, Sibel I. ; Kuraku, Shigehiro ; Lara, Marcia ; Levin, Joshua Z. ; Litman, Gary W. ; Mauceli, Evan ; Miyake, Tsutomu ; Mueller, M. Gail ; Nelson, David R. ; Nitsche, Anne ; Olmo, Ettore ; Ota, Tatsuya ; Pallavicini, Alberto ; Panji, Sumir ; Picone, Barbara ; Ponting, Chris P. ; Prohaska, Sonja J. ; Przybylski, Dariusz ; Ratan Saha, Nil ; Ravi, Vydianathan ; Ribeiro, Filipe J. ; Sauka-Spengler, Tatjana ; Scapigliati, Giuseppe ; Searle, Stephen M. J. ; Sharpe, Ted ; Simakov, Oleg ; Stadler, Peter F. ; Stegeman, John J. ; Sumiyama, Kenta ; Tabbaa, Diana ; Tafer, Hakim ; Turner-Maier, Jason ; van Heusden, Peter ; White, Simon ; Williams, Louise ; Yandell, Mark ; Brinkmann, Henner ; Volff, Jean-Nicolas ; Tabin, Clifford J. ; Shubin, Neil ; Schartl, Manfred ; Jaffe, David B. ; Postlethwait, John H. ; Venkatesh, Byrappa ; Di Palma, Federica ; Lander, Eric S. ; Meyer, Axel ; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin
    The discovery of a living coelacanth specimen in 1938 was remarkable, as this lineage of lobe-finned fish was thought to have become extinct 70 million years ago. The modern coelacanth looks remarkably similar to many of its ancient relatives, and its evolutionary proximity to our own fish ancestors provides a glimpse of the fish that first walked on land. Here we report the genome sequence of the African coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae. Through a phylogenomic analysis, we conclude that the lungfish, and not the coelacanth, is the closest living relative of tetrapods. Coelacanth protein-coding genes are significantly more slowly evolving than those of tetrapods, unlike other genomic features. Analyses of changes in genes and regulatory elements during the vertebrate adaptation to land highlight genes involved in immunity, nitrogen excretion and the development of fins, tail, ear, eye, brain and olfaction. Functional assays of enhancers involved in the fin-to-limb transition and in the emergence of extra-embryonic tissues show the importance of the coelacanth genome as a blueprint for understanding tetrapod evolution.
  • Article
    Highly conserved molecular pathways, including Wnt signaling, promote functional recovery from spinal cord injury in lampreys
    (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-01-15) Herman, Paige E. ; Papatheodorou, Angelos ; Bryant, Stephanie A. ; Waterbury, Courtney K. M. ; Herdy, Joseph R. ; Arcese, Anthony A. ; Buxbaum, Joseph D. ; Smith, Jeramiah J. ; Morgan, Jennifer R. ; Bloom, Ona E.
    In mammals, spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to dramatic losses in neurons and synaptic connections, and consequently function. Unlike mammals, lampreys are vertebrates that undergo spontaneous regeneration and achieve functional recovery after SCI. Therefore our goal was to determine the complete transcriptional responses that occur after SCI in lampreys and to identify deeply conserved pathways that promote regeneration. We performed RNA-Seq on lamprey spinal cord and brain throughout the course of functional recovery. We describe complex transcriptional responses in the injured spinal cord, and somewhat surprisingly, also in the brain. Transcriptional responses to SCI in lampreys included transcription factor networks that promote peripheral nerve regeneration in mammals such as Atf3 and Jun. Furthermore, a number of highly conserved axon guidance, extracellular matrix, and proliferation genes were also differentially expressed after SCI in lampreys. Strikingly, ~3% of differentially expressed transcripts belonged to the Wnt pathways. These included members of the Wnt and Frizzled gene families, and genes involved in downstream signaling. Pharmacological inhibition of Wnt signaling inhibited functional recovery, confirming a critical role for this pathway. These data indicate that molecular signals present in mammals are also involved in regeneration in lampreys, supporting translational relevance of the model.
  • Article
    A de novo reference transcriptome for Bolitoglossa vallecula, an Andean mountain salamander in Colombia
    (Elsevier, 2020-02-11) Arenas Gómez, Claudia Marcela ; Woodcock, M. Ryan ; Smith, Jeramiah J. ; Voss, S. Randal ; Delgado, Jean Paul
    The amphibian order Caudata, contains several important model species for biological research. However, there is need to generate transcriptome data from representative species of the primary salamander families. Here we describe a de novo reference transcriptome for a terrestrial salamander, Bolitoglossa vallecula (Caudata: Plethodontidae). We employed paired-end (PE) illumina RNA sequencing to assemble a de novo reference transcriptome for B. vallecula. Assembled transcripts were compared against sequences from other vertebrate taxa to identify orthologous genes, and compared to the transcriptome of a close plethodontid relative (Bolitoglossa ramosi) to identify commonly expressed genes in the skin. This dataset should be useful to future comparative studies aimed at understanding important biological process, such as immunity, wound healing, and the production of antimicrobial compounds.