Zhao Wei

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  • Article
    Intense abyssal flow through the Yap‐Mariana Junction in the western North Pacific
    (American Geophysical Union, 2022-01-28) Zhou, Chun ; Xu, Hongzhou ; Xiao, Xin ; Zhao, Wei ; Yang, Jiayan ; Yang, Qingxuan ; Jiang, Huichang ; Xie, Qiang ; Long, Tong ; Wang, Tinghao ; Huang, Xiaodong ; Zhang, Zhiwei ; Guan, Shoude ; Tian, Jiwei
    Water-mass transports in the vast and seemingly quiescent abyssal ocean, basically along topographically-guided pathways, play a pivotal role in the Earth's climate. The pulse of abyssal circulations can be taken with observations at topographic choke points. The Yap-Mariana Junction (YMJ) is the exclusive choke point through which the Lower Circumpolar Deep Water (LCDW) enters the Philippine Sea. Here, we quantify the LCDW transport and its variability based on mooring observations at the YMJ and the Mariana Trench (MT). The LCDW flows northward toward the Philippine Sea as an intensified current on the western side of the YMJ, with maximum mean velocity reaching 7.6 cm/s. The mean LCDW transports through the MT and the YMJ are 2.2 ± 1.0 Sv and 2.1 ± 0.4 Sv, respectively. Reversal flow at autumn in both the YMJ and MT is captured, indicating seasonal variability of the abyssal flow.
  • Article
    The CBLAST-Hurricane program and the next-generation fully coupled atmosphere–wave–ocean models for hurricane research and prediction
    (American Meteorological Society, 2007-03) Chen, Shuyi S. ; Zhao, Wei ; Donelan, Mark A. ; Price, James F. ; Walsh, Edward J.
    The record-setting 2005 hurricane season has highlighted the urgent need for a better understanding of the factors that contribute to hurricane intensity, and for the development of corresponding advanced hurricane prediction models to improve intensity forecasts. The lack of skill in present forecasts of hurricane intensity may be attributed, in part, to deficiencies in the current prediction models—insufficient grid resolution, inadequate surface and boundary-layer formulations, and the lack of full coupling to a dynamic ocean. The extreme high winds, intense rainfall, large ocean waves, and copious sea spray in hurricanes push the surface-exchange parameters for temperature, water vapor, and momentum into untested regimes. The Coupled Boundary Layer Air–Sea Transfer (CBLAST)-Hurricane program is aimed at developing improved parameterizations using observations from the CBLAST-Hurricane field program that will be suitable for the next generation of hurricane-prediction models. The most innovative aspect of the CBLAST-Hurricane modeling effort is the development and testing of a fully coupled atmosphere–wave–ocean modeling system that is capable of resolving the eye and eyewall at ~1-km grid resolution, which is consistent with a key recommendation for the next-generation hurricane-prediction models by the NOAA Science Advisor Board Hurricane Intensity Research Working Group. It is also the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) plan for the new Hurricane Weather Research and Forecasting (HWRF) model to be implemented operationally in 2007–08.
  • Article
    Increasing deep-water overflow from the Pacific into the South China Sea revealed by mooring observations
    (Nature Research, 2023-04-10) Zhou, Chun ; Xiao, Xin ; Zhao, Wei ; Yang, Jiayan ; Huang, Xiaodong ; Guan, Shoude ; Zhang, Zhiwei ; Tian, Jiwei
    Cold and dense water from the North Pacific Ocean that spills through the Luzon Strait, the only deep conduit between the South China Sea (SCS) and the Pacific Ocean, renews deep-water mass, modulates hydrographic and biogeochemical cycles, and drives abyssal and overturning circulations in the SCS. The variability of this key oceanic process, however, has been poorly studied, mainly due to a lack of sustained observations. A comprehensive observational program that started in 2009 has provided 12 years of continuous time series of velocity and volume transport within the Luzon Strait. Here we show the observation-based assessment of decadal trends of deep-water transport through this vital passage. With the estimated 12-year mean volume transport of the deep-water overflow into the SCS of 0.84 ± 0.39 Sv (1 Sv = 10 ms), a significant linear upward trend of 9% is revealed during this period. This is consistent with long-term changes in satellite-observed ocean bottom pressure. The results of this study may have broad implications for the overturning circulations and biogeochemical processes, including carbon cycles in this region.