Liang Yan

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  • Preprint
    A REE-in-garnet–clinopyroxene thermobarometer for eclogites, granulites and garnet peridotites
    ( 2014-11) Sun, Chenguang ; Liang, Yan
    A REE-in-garnet-clinopyroxene thermobarometer for eclogites, granulites, and garnet peridotites has been developed on the basis of the temperature, pressure and mineral composition dependent partitioning of rare earth elements (REEs) between garnet and clinopyroxene. This new thermobarometer is derived from the garnet-clinopyroxene REE partitioning model of Sun and Liang (2014) that was calibrated against experimentally determined garnet-melt and clinopyroxene-melt partitioning data. It makes use of a group of trace elements that have similar geochemical behaviors at magmatic and subsolidus conditions, and allows one to invert temperature and pressure simultaneously using a least squares method. Application of the REE-in-garnet-clinopyroxene thermobarometer to REE partitioning data from laboratory experiments and field samples (quartz-bearing, graphite-bearing, and diamond-bearing granulites and eclogites; and well-equilibrated mantle eclogite xenoliths) published in the literature validates its reliability at both magmatic and subsolidus conditions. Application of the new thermobarometer to eclogites, garnet granulites and peridotites from various tectonic settings reveals an intriguing observation: temperatures derived from the REE-based thermobarometer are consistently higher than those derived from the widely used Fe-Mg thermometer of Krogh (1988) for samples that experienced cooling, but systematically lower than temperatures derived from the Fe-Mg thermometer for samples from thermally perturbed tectonic settings. The temperature discrepancies are likely due to the relative differences in diffusion rates between trivalent REEs and divalent Fe-Mg in garnet and clinopyroxene. Temperatures derived from the REE-based thermometer are closely related to closure temperatures for samples that experienced cooling, but are likely equilibrium or apparent re-equilibration temperatures at an early stage of heating for samples from thermally perturbed tectonic environments. The REE-in-garnet-clinopyroxene thermobarometer can shed new light on thermal histories of mafic and ultramafic rocks.
  • Preprint
    An experimental study of the grain-scale processes of peridotite melting : implications for major and trace element distribution during equilibrium and disequilibrium melting
    ( 2007-12) Lo Cascio, Mauro ; Liang, Yan ; Shimizu, Nobumichi ; Hess, Paul C.
    The grain-scale processes of peridotite melting were examined at 1340°C and 1.5 GPa using reaction couples formed by juxtaposing pre-synthesized clinopyroxenite against pre-synthesized orthopyroxenite or harzburgite in graphite and platinum-lined molybdenum capsules. Reaction between the clinopyroxene and orthopyroxene-rich aggregates produces a melt-enriched, orthopyroxene-free, olivine + clinopyroxene reactive boundary layer. Major and trace element abundance in clinopyroxene vary systematically across the reactive boundary layer with compositional trends similar to the published clinopyroxene core-to-rim compositional variations in the bulk lherzolite partial melting studies conducted at similar P– T conditions. The growth of the reactive boundary layer takes place at the expense of the orthopyroxenite or harzburgite and is consistent with grain-scale processes that involve dissolution, precipitation, reprecipitation, and diffusive exchange between the interstitial melt and surrounding crystals. An important consequence of dissolution–reprecipitation during crystal melt interaction is the dramatic decrease in diffusive reequilibration time between coexisting minerals and melt. This effect is especially important for high charged, slow diffusing cations during peridotite melting and melt-rock reaction. Apparent clinopyroxenemelt partition coefficients for REE, Sr, Y, Ti, and Zr, measured from reprecipitated clinopyroxene and coexisting melt in the reactive boundary layer, approach their equilibrium values reported in the literature. Disequilibrium melting models based on volume diffusion in solid limited mechanism are likely to significantly underestimate the rates at which major and trace elements in residual minerals reequilibrate with their surrounding melt.
  • Article
    Ophiolitic pyroxenites record boninite percolation in subduction zone mantle
    (MDPI, 2019-09-18) Le Roux, Véronique ; Liang, Yan
    The peridotite section of supra-subduction zone ophiolites is often crosscut by pyroxenite veins, reflecting the variety of melts that percolate through the mantle wedge, react, and eventually crystallize in the shallow lithospheric mantle. Understanding the nature of parental melts and the timing of formation of these pyroxenites provides unique constraints on melt infiltration processes that may occur in active subduction zones. This study deciphers the processes of orthopyroxenite and clinopyroxenite formation in the Josephine ophiolite (USA), using new trace and major element analyses of pyroxenite minerals, closure temperatures, elemental profiles, diffusion modeling, and equilibrium melt calculations. We show that multiple melt percolation events are required to explain the variable chemistry of peridotite-hosted pyroxenite veins, consistent with previous observations in the xenolith record. We argue that the Josephine ophiolite evolved in conditions intermediate between back-arc and sub-arc. Clinopyroxenites formed at an early stage of ophiolite formation from percolation of high-Ca boninites. Several million years later, and shortly before exhumation, orthopyroxenites formed through remelting of the Josephine harzburgites through percolation of ultra-depleted low-Ca boninites. Thus, we support the hypothesis that multiple types of boninites can be created at different stages of arc formation and that ophiolitic pyroxenites uniquely record the timing of boninite percolation in subduction zone mantle.