Bower Amy S.

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Amy S.

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  • Technical Report
    Boundary current experiment I & II, RAFOS float data report, 1994-1997
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-03) Hunt, Heather D. ; Bower, Amy S.
    This is the final data report of all RAFOS (acoustically tracked) float data collected during the 1994-1997 Boundary Current Experiment (BOUNCE) study of the Deep Western Boundary Current (DWBC) in the North Atlantic Ocean. The overall objective of the program was to obtain the first comprehensive description of the North Atlantic DWBC's variability over a large path segment from Cape Hatteras to the Grand Banks. The experiment was comprised of CTD, tracer, and RAFOS float observations to achieve both Eulerian and Lagrangian descriptions of the DWBC. The three main objectives of the Lagrangian float study were 1) to determine fluid parcel pathways in the DWBC and identify regions of exchange with the interior, 2) to estimate the mean speed and variabilty of fluid parcels at two different levels in the DWBC, and 3) to study the kinematics and potential vorticity dynamics of fluid parcels in the DWBC at the Gulf Stream cross-over point near Cape Hatteras. Thirty floats were deployed: 15 were designed to be isopycnal floats, and 15 were isobaric floats. The isopycnal floats were ballasted for the 0, = 27.73 density surface (approximately 800 decibars (db)) to seed the Upper Labrador Sea Water. The isobaric floats were ballasted for 3000 db to seed the Nordic Seas overflow water.
  • Technical Report
    A Mediterranean undercurrent seeding experiment (AMUSE) : part II: RAFOS float data report, May 1993-March 1995
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-06) Hunt, Heather D. ; Wooding, Christine M. ; Chandler, Cynthia L. ; Bower, Amy S.
    This is the final data report of all acoustically tracked RAFOS data collected in 1993-1995 during A Mediterranean Undercurrent Seeding Experiment (AMUSE). The overall objective of the program was to observe directly the spreading pathways by which Mediterranean Water enters the North Atlantic. This includes the direct observation of Mediterranean eddies (meddies), which is one mechanism that transports Mediterranean Water to the North Atlantic. The experiment was comprised of a repeated high-resolution expendable bathythermograph (XBT) section and RAFOS float deployments across the Mediterranean Undercurrent south of Portugal near 8.5°W. A total of 49 floats were deployed at a rate of about two floats per week on 23 cruises on the chartered Portuguese-based vessel, Kialoa II, and one cruise on the R/V Endeavor. The floats were ballasted for 1100 or 1200 decibars (db) to seed the lower salinity core of the Mediterranean Undercurrent. The objectives of the Lagrangian float study were (1) to identify where meddies form, (2) to make the first direct estimate of meddy formation frequency, (3) to estimate the fraction of time meddies are being formed, and (4) to determine the pathways by which Mediterranean Water which is not trapped in meddies enters the North Atlantic.
  • Technical Report
    Hydrographic data from the U. S. Naval Oceanographic Office : Persian Gulf, Southern Red Sea, and Arabian Sea, 1923-1996
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1999-04) Alessi, Carol A. ; Hunt, Heather D. ; Bower, Amy S.
    Temperature-salinity-depth profile data were obtained for the Persian Gulf, Southern Red Sea and parts of the Arabian Sea from the Master Oceanographic Data Set (MOODS), located at the U. S. Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO), Stennis Space Center, Mississippi. These data were used as part of a physical oceanographic study of the Red Sea and Persian Gulf outflows. This report documents the organization of the data set and the method of quality control used to eliminate unrealistic data. Also, it provides a summary in graphic form of the hydrographic observations.