Alavian Kambiz N.

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Kambiz N.

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  • Preprint
    Bcl-xL regulates metabolic efficiency of neurons through interaction with the mitochondrial F1FO ATP synthase
    ( 2011-06) Alavian, Kambiz N. ; Li, Hongmei ; Collis, Leon P. ; Bonanni, Laura ; Zeng, Lu ; Sacchetti, Silvio ; Lazrove, Emma ; Nabili, Panah ; Flaherty, Benjamin ; Graham, Morven ; Chen, Yingbei ; Messerli, Shanta M. ; Mariggio, Maria A. ; Rahner, Christoph ; McNay, Ewan ; Shore, Gordon ; Smith, Peter J. S. ; Hardwick, J. Marie ; Jonas, Elizabeth A.
    Anti-apoptotic BCL-2 family proteins such as Bcl-xL protect cells from death by sequestering apoptotic molecules, but also contribute to normal neuronal function. We find in hippocampal neurons that Bcl-xL enhances the efficiency of energy metabolism. Our evidence suggests that Bcl-xL interacts directly with the beta subunit of the F1FO ATP synthase, decreasing an ion leak within the F1FO ATPase complex and thereby increasing net transport of H+ by F1FO during F1FO ATPase activity. By patch clamping submitochondrial vesicles enriched in F1FO ATP synthase complexes, we find that, in the presence of ATP, pharmacological or genetic inhibition of Bcl-xL increases the membrane leak conductance. In addition, recombinant Bcl-xL protein directly increases ATPase activity of purified synthase complexes, while inhibition of endogenous Bcl-xL decreases F1FO enzymatic activity. Our findings suggest that increased mitochondrial efficiency contributes to the enhanced synaptic efficacy found in Bcl-xL expressing neurons.
  • Article
    Parkinson's disease protein DJ-1 regulates ATP synthase protein components to increase neuronal process outgrowth
    (Springer Nature, 2019-06-13) Chen, Rongmin ; Park, Han-A ; Mnatsakanyan, Nelli ; Niu, Yulong ; Licznerski, Pawel ; Wu, Jing ; Miranda, Paige ; Graham, Morven ; Tang, Jack ; Boon, Agnita J. W. ; Cossu, Giovanni ; Mandemakers, Wim ; Bonifati, Vincenzo ; Smith, Peter J. S. ; Alavian, Kambiz N. ; Jonas, Elizabeth A.
    Familial Parkinson’s disease (PD) protein DJ-1 mutations are linked to early onset PD. We have found that DJ-1 binds directly to the F1FO ATP synthase β subunit. DJ-1’s interaction with the β subunit decreased mitochondrial uncoupling and enhanced ATP production efficiency while in contrast mutations in DJ-1 or DJ-1 knockout increased mitochondrial uncoupling, and depolarized neuronal mitochondria. In mesencephalic DJ-1 KO cultures, there was a progressive loss of neuronal process extension. This was ameliorated by a pharmacological reagent, dexpramipexole, that binds to ATP synthase, closing a mitochondrial inner membrane leak and enhancing ATP synthase efficiency. ATP synthase c-subunit can form an uncoupling channel; we measured, therefore, ATP synthase F1 (β subunit) and c-subunit protein levels. We found that ATP synthase β subunit protein level in the DJ-1 KO neurons was approximately half that found in their wild-type counterparts, comprising a severe defect in ATP synthase stoichiometry and unmasking c-subunit. We suggest that DJ-1 enhances dopaminergic cell metabolism and growth by its regulation of ATP synthase protein components.