Manganini Kevin

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River Inflow Dominates Methane Emissions in an Arctic Coastal System

2020-04-23 , Manning, Cara C. , Preston, Victoria Lynn , Jones, Samantha F. , Michel, Anna P. M. , Nicholson, David P. , Duke, Patrick J. , Ahmed, Mohamed M. M. , Manganini, Kevin , Else, Brent G. T. , Tortell, Philippe D.

We present a year‐round time series of dissolved methane (CH4), along with targeted observations during ice melt of CH4 and carbon dioxide (CO2) in a river and estuary adjacent to Cambridge Bay, Nunavut, Canada. During the freshet, CH4 concentrations in the river and ice‐covered estuary were up to 240,000% saturation and 19,000% saturation, respectively, but quickly dropped by >100‐fold following ice melt. Observations with a robotic kayak revealed that river‐derived CH4 and CO2 were transported to the estuary and rapidly ventilated to the atmosphere once ice cover retreated. We estimate that river discharge accounts for >95% of annual CH4 sea‐to‐air emissions from the estuary. These results demonstrate the importance of resolving seasonal dynamics in order to estimate greenhouse gas emissions from polar systems.