von Mutius Richard

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  • Article
    Fossil records of early solar irradiation and cosmolocation of the CAI factory: a reappraisal
    (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2021-09-29) Bekaert, David V. ; Auro, Maureen E. ; Shollenberger, Quinn R. ; Liu, Ming-Chang ; Marschall, Horst R. ; Burton, Kevin W. ; Jacobsen, Benjamin ; Brennecka, Gregory A. ; MacPherson, Glenn J. ; von Mutius, Richard ; Sarafian, Adam ; Nielsen, Sune G.
    Calcium-aluminum–rich inclusions (CAIs) in meteorites carry crucial information about the environmental conditions of the nascent Solar System prior to planet formation. Based on models of 50V–10Be co-production by in-situ irradiation, CAIs are considered to have formed within ~0.1 AU from the proto-Sun. Here, we present vanadium (V) and strontium (Sr) isotopic co-variations in fine- and coarse-grained CAIs and demonstrate that kinetic isotope effects during partial condensation and evaporation best explain V isotope anomalies previously attributed to solar particle irradiation. We also report initial excesses of 10Be and argue that CV CAIs possess essentially a homogeneous level of 10Be, inherited during their formation. Based on numerical modeling of 50V–10Be co-production by irradiation, we show that CAI formation during protoplanetary disk build-up likely occurred at greater heliocentric distances than previously considered, up to planet-forming regions (~1AU), where solar particle fluxes were sufficiently low to avoid substantial in-situ irradiation of CAIs.