Turner R. Eugene

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R. Eugene

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  • Article
    Managing coastal resources in the 21st century
    (Ecological Society of America, 2007-01) Weinstein, Michael P. ; Baird, Ronald C. ; Conover, David O. ; Gross, Matthias ; Keulartz, Jozef ; Loomis, David K. ; Naveh, Zev ; Peterson, Susan B. ; Reed, Denise J. ; Roe, Emery ; Swanson, R. Lawrence ; Swart, Jacques A. A. ; Teal, John M. ; Turner, R. Eugene ; van der Windt, Henny J. ; International Working Group on Sustainability
    Coastal ecosystems are increasingly dominated by humans. Consequently, the human dimensions of sustainability science have become an integral part of emerging coastal governance and management practices. But if we are to avoid the harsh lessons of land management, coastal decision makers must recognize that humans are one of the more coastally dependent species in the biosphere. Management responses must therefore confront both the temporal urgency and the very real compromises and sacrifices that will be necessary to achieve a sustainable coastal ecosystem, one that is economically feasible, socially just, and ecologically sound.
  • Article
    Supporting Spartina: Interdisciplinary perspective shows spartina as a distinct solid genus
    (Ecological Society of America, 2019-09-19) Bortolus, Alejandro ; Adam, Paul ; Adams, Janine B. ; Ainouche, Malika L. ; Ayres, Debra ; Bertness, Mark D. ; Bouma, Tjeerd J. ; Bruno, John F. ; Caçador, Isabel ; Carlton, James T. ; Castillo, Jesus M. ; Costa, Cesar S.B. ; Davy, Anthony J. ; Deegan, Linda A. ; Duarte, Bernardo ; Figueroa, Enrique ; Gerwein, Joel ; Gray, Alan J. ; Grosholz, Edwin D. ; Hacker, Sally D. ; Hughes, A. Randall ; Mateos‐Naranjo, Enrique ; Mendelssohn, Irving A. ; Morris, James T. ; Muñoz‐Rodríguez, Adolfo F. ; Nieva, Francisco J.J. ; Levin, Lisa A. ; Li, Bo ; Liu, Wenwen ; Pennings, Steven C. ; Pickart, Andrea ; Redondo‐Gómez, Susana ; Richardson, David M. ; Salmon, Armel ; Schwindt, Evangelina ; Silliman, Brian ; Sotka, Erik E. ; Stace, Clive ; Sytsma, Mark ; Temmerman, Stijn ; Turner, R. Eugene ; Valiela, Ivan ; Weinstein, Michael P. ; Weis, Judith S.
    In 2014, a DNA‐based phylogenetic study confirming the paraphyly of the grass subtribe Sporobolinae proposed the creation of a large monophyletic genus Sporobolus, including (among others) species previously included in the genera Spartina, Calamovilfa, and Sporobolus. Spartina species have contributed substantially (and continue contributing) to our knowledge in multiple disciplines, including ecology, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, biogeography, experimental ecology, biological invasions, environmental management, restoration ecology, history, economics, and sociology. There is no rationale so compelling to subsume the name Spartina as a subgenus that could rival the striking, global iconic history and use of the name Spartina for over 200 yr. We do not agree with the subjective arguments underlying the proposal to change Spartina to Sporobolus. We understand the importance of both the objective phylogenetic insights and of the subjective formalized nomenclature and hope that by opening this debate we will encourage positive feedback that will strengthen taxonomic decisions with an interdisciplinary perspective. We consider that the strongly distinct, monophyletic clade Spartina should simply and efficiently be treated as the genus Spartina.