Petterssen Sverre

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  • Book
    Fronts and frontogenesis in relation to vorticity
    (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1942-01) Petterssen, Sverre ; Austin, James Murdoch
    Soon after the discovery of the polar front, it was realized that fronts were subject to processes which either increased or diminished their intensity. Thus, fronts may form in fields where the distributiori of the meteorological elements is continuous; and, in other cases, fronts may dissolve and develop into a field of continuous distribution of the various elements. The processes which lead to the formation of a front or the increase in intensity of an existing front, are called jrontogenetical processes; and the processes which lead to the dissolution of fronts are calledjrontolytical processes. In theoretical treatments of fronts it has been customary to simplify the problem by assuming that a frontal surface is a mathematical discontinuity, and doubts have been raised against the validity of this simplification. Petterssen has shown that both the dynamic and the kinematic boundary conditions that hold for perfect discontinuities hold also for layers of transition of finite thickness within which the meteorological elements vary continuously. We are, therefore, justified in treating frontal surfaces and fronts as either strict discontinuities or as finite layers of transition. Frontogenesis may therefore be defined as the process that tends to create a surface of discontinuity in the atmosphere. Whether or not this process results in a strict discontinuity is immaterial.