Coccioni Rodolfo

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  • Preprint
    Benthic foraminiferal ultrastructural alteration induced by heavy metals
    ( 2017-10) Frontalini, Fabrizio ; Nardelli, Maria Pia ; Curzi, Davide ; Martín-González, Ana ; Sabbatini, Anna ; Negri, Alessandra ; Losada, Maria Teresa ; Gobbi, Pietro ; Coccioni, Rodolfo ; Bernhard, Joan M.
    Heavy metals are known to cause deleterious effects on biota because of their toxicity, persistence and bioaccumulation. Here, we briefly document the ultrastructural changes observed in the miliolid foraminifer Pseudotriloculina rotunda (d'Orbigny in Schlumberger, 1893) and in the perforate calcareous species Ammonia parkinsoniana (d'Orbigny, 1839) induced by exposure to one of three heavy metals (zinc, lead, or mercury). The exposure of these two benthic foraminiferal species to the selected heavy metals appear to promote cytological alterations and organelle degeneration. These alterations include a thickening of the inner organic lining, an increase in number and size of lipid droplets, mitochondrial degeneration, and degradation vacuoles and residual body proliferation. Some of these alterations, including the thickening of the inner organic lining and the proliferation of lipids, might represent defense mechanisms against heavy metal-induced stress.
  • Article
    Nanoparticle-biological interactions in a marine benthic foraminifer
    (Nature Research, 2019-12-19) Ciacci, Caterina ; Grimmelpont, Margot V. ; Corsi, Ilaria ; Bergami, Elisa ; Curzi, Davide ; Burini, Debora ; Bouchet, Vincent M. P. ; Ambrogini, Patrizia ; Gobbi, Pietro ; Ujiié, Yurika ; Ishitani, Yoshiyuki ; Coccioni, Rodolfo ; Bernhard, Joan M. ; Frontalini, Fabrizio
    The adverse effects of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) in marine environments have recently attracted great attention although their effects on marine benthic organisms such as foraminifera are still largely overlooked. Here we document the effects of three negatively charged ENM, different in size and composition, titanium dioxide (TiO2), polystyrene (PS) and silicon dioxide (SiO2), on a microbial eukaryote (the benthic foraminifera Ammonia parkinsoniana) using multiple approaches. This research clearly shows the presence, within the foraminiferal cytoplasm, of metallic (Ti) and organic (PS) ENM that promote physiological stress. Specifically, marked increases in the accumulation of neutral lipids and enhanced reactive oxygen species production occurred in ENM-treated specimens regardless of ENM type. This study indicates that ENM represent ecotoxicological risks for this microbial eukaryote and presents a new model for the neglected marine benthos by which to assess natural exposure scenarios.
  • Article
    Foraminiferal ultrastructure: A perspective from fluorescent and fluorogenic probes
    (American Geophysical Union, 2019-08-22) Frontalini, Fabrizio ; Losada, Maria Teresa ; Toyofuku, Takashi ; Tyszka, Jarosław ; Goleń, Jan ; de Nooijer, Lennart ; Canonico, Barbara ; Cesarini, Erica ; Nagai, Yukiko ; Bickmeyer, Ulf ; Ikuta, Tetsuro ; Tsubaki, Remi ; Rodriguez, Celia Besteiro ; Al-Enezi, Eqbal ; Papa, Stefano ; Coccioni, Rodolfo ; Bijma, Jelle ; Bernhard, Joan M.
    Microscopy techniques have been widely applied to observe cellular ultrastructure. Most of these techniques, such as transmission electron microscopy, produce high‐resolution images, but they may require extensive preparation, hampering their application for in vivo examination. Other approaches, such as fluorescent and fluorogenic probes, can be applied not only to fixed specimens but also to living cells when the probes are nontoxic. Fluorescence‐based methods, which are generally relatively easy to use, allow visual and (semi)quantitative studies of the ultrastructural organization and processes of the cell under natural as well as manipulated conditions. To date, there are relatively few published studies on the nearly ubiquitous marine protistan group Foraminifera that have used fluorescent and fluorogenic probes, despite their huge potential. The aim of the present contribution is to document the feasible application of a wide array of these probes to foraminiferal biology. More specifically, we applied fluorescence‐based probes to study esterase activity, cell viability, calcium signaling, pH variation, reactive oxygen species, neutral and polar lipids, lipid droplets, cytoskeleton structures, Golgi complex, acidic vesicles, nuclei, and mitochondria in selected foraminiferal species.