Now showing items 1-20 of 32

  • Abrupt transitions and hysteresis in thermohaline laboratory models 

    Whitehead, John A. (American Meteorological Society, 2009-05)
    As a driving parameter is slowly altered, thermohaline ocean circulation models show either a smooth evolution of a mode of flow or an abrupt transition of temperature and salinity fields from one mode to another. An abrupt ...
  • Advances in measurements of particle cycling and fluxes in the ocean 

    Owens, Stephanie A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-02)
    The sinking flux of particles is an important removal mechanism of carbon from the surface ocean as part of the biological pump and can play a role in cycling of other chemical species. This work dealt with improving ...
  • The distribution of salinity in the estuary of the Delaware River 

    Ketchum, Bostwick H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1952-12)
    The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution has been asked by the New York City Board of Water Supply to study and review recent observations on the distribution of fresh and salt water in the Estuary of the Delaware River. ...
  • EcoMapper operations---KN209-1 

    Hodges, Benjamin A.; Fratantoni, David M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2012-12)
    This report describes the collection of water property data from EcoMapper AUVs during the R/V Knorr 209-1 cruise as part of the SPURS (Salinity Processes Upper-ocean Regional Study) project. Post-processing was required ...
  • Eddies in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, observed from ice-tethered profilers 

    Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Toole, John M.; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Krishfield, Richard A.; Plueddemann, Albert J. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-01)
    Five ice-tethered profilers (ITPs), deployed between 2004 and 2006, have provided detailed potential temperature θ and salinity S profiles from 21 anticyclonic eddy encounters in the central Canada Basin of the Arctic ...
  • Effects of sea-level rise on barrier island groundwater system dynamics – ecohydrological implications 

    Masterson, John P.; Fienen, Michael N.; Thieler, E. Robert; Gesch, Dean B.; Gutierrez, Benjamin T.; Plant, Nathaniel G. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-11-12)
    We used a numerical model to investigate how a barrier island groundwater system responds to increases of up to 60 cm in sea level. We found that a sea-level rise of 20 cm leads to substantial changes in the depth of the ...
  • Evidence of multidecadal salinity variability in the eastern tropical North Atlantic 

    Moses, Christopher S.; Swart, Peter K.; Rosenheim, Brad E. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-08-17)
    Ocean circulation and global climate are strongly influenced by seawater density, which is itself controlled by salinity and temperature. Although adequate instrumental sea-surface temperature (SST) records exist for ...
  • An experimental study of salt wedges 

    Farmer, Harlow G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1951-12)
    The objective of the estuary studies being conducted at this Institution is to attempt an understanding of tidal flushing. Two theories have been developed, that of Ketchum employing an extension of the tidal prism ...
  • Finestructure and turbulence in the deep ocean 

    Hendricks, Peter J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1977-01)
    Millimeter scale fluctuations in refractive index recorded with a freely sinking shadowgraph system are correlated with finestructure profiles of temperature, salinity and density and compared to models of ocean turbulence. ...
  • Florida Current surface temperature and salinity variability during the last millennium 

    Lund, David C.; Curry, William B. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-05-05)
    The salinity and temperature of the Florida Current are key parameters affecting the transport of heat into the North Atlantic, yet little is known about their variability on centennial time scales. Here we report replicated, ...
  • Hydrodynamics of CTD instrument packages 

    Cook, Michael F. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1981-09)
    This report is part of a research project conducted at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to improve the flight characteristics of CTD instrument packages. Improvement of these cable lowered instrument packages ...
  • The influence of salinity on Mg/Ca in planktic foraminifers - evidence from cultures, core-top sediments and complementary δ18O 

    Honisch, Barbel; Allen, Katherine A.; Lea, David W.; Spero, Howard J.; Eggins, Stephen M.; Arbuszewski, Jennifer; deMenocal, Peter B.; Rosenthal, Yair; Russell, Ann D.; Elderfield, Henry (2013-06)
    The Mg/Ca ratio in foraminiferal calcite is one of the principal proxies used for paleoceanographic temperature reconstructions, but recent core-top sediment observations suggest that salinity may exert a significant ...
  • Mechanisms and variability of salt transport in partially-stratified estuaries 

    Bowen, Melissa M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2000-02)
    The variability of salt transport determines the variation of the length of the salinity intrusion and the large-scale density gradient in an estuary. This thesis contains three studies that address salt transport and ...
  • Mixing processes and hydraulic control in a highly stratified estuary 

    MacDonald, Daniel G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2003-02)
    This thesis utilizes field data from the Fraser River Estuary, a highly stratified system located in southwestern British Columbia, Canada, to investigate the nature of mixing processes in a highly stratified environment, ...
  • Note on the vertical velocity and diffusive salt flux induced by evaporation and precipitation 

    Warren, Bruce A. (American Meteorological Society, 2009-10)
    Some (not all) of the oceanographic literature slightly miscalculates the vertical velocity (w) and diffusive salt flux induced by evaporation (E) and precipitation (P) at the sea surface. Short, simple, physical derivations ...
  • Oceanographic data from the R.R.S. Discovery II. : International Geophysical Year cruise 3, 1958 

    Worthington, L. V. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1959-11)
    In August and September 1958 a number of oceanographic sections were made in the R.R.S. DISCOVERY II, Captain James Gray, under the scientific leadership of H. F. P. Herdman. These sections comprise part of a joint ...
  • On sea surface salinity skin effect iInduced by evaporation and implications for remote sensing of ocean salinity 

    Yu, Lisan (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
    The existence of a cool and salty sea surface skin under evaporation was first proposed by Saunders in 1967, but few efforts have since been made to perceive the salt component of the skin layer. With two salinity missions ...
  • Opal (Zn/Si) ratios as a nearshore geochemical proxy in coastal Antarctica 

    Hendry, Katharine R.; Rickaby, Rosalind E. M. (American Geophysical Union, 2008-06-18)
    During the last 50 years, the Antarctic Peninsula has experienced rapid warming with associated retreat of 87% of marine and tidewater glacier fronts. Accelerated glacial retreat and iceberg calving may have a significant ...
  • Progress in the measurement of salinity and oxygen at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 

    Knapp, George P.; Stalcup, Marvel C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1987-01)
    Improvements in the measurement of salinity and dissolved oxygen during the past few years at WHOI have increased the accuracy of salinity observations to +/- 0.001 ppt and that of dissolved oxygen determinations to +/- ...
  • Results of an oxygen/salinity comparison cruise on the R/V Vernadsky : June 27 to July 8, 1991 

    Joyce, Terrence M.; Bacon, Sheldon; Kalashnikov, Pave; Romanov, Alexander; Stalcup, Marvel C.; Zaburdaev, Vladimir (WOCE Hydrographic Programme Offce, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-07)
    This report summarizes the work, under the auspices of the WOCE Hydrographic Programme (WHP), which took place on the R/V Akademik Vernadsky in June-July 1991. The goal of the exercise was an international comparison/training ...