Now showing items 1-20 of 42

    • Abrupt transitions and hysteresis in thermohaline laboratory models 

      Whitehead, John A. (American Meteorological Society, 2009-05)
      As a driving parameter is slowly altered, thermohaline ocean circulation models show either a smooth evolution of a mode of flow or an abrupt transition of temperature and salinity fields from one mode to another. An abrupt ...
    • Advances in measurements of particle cycling and fluxes in the ocean 

      Owens, Stephanie A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-02)
      The sinking flux of particles is an important removal mechanism of carbon from the surface ocean as part of the biological pump and can play a role in cycling of other chemical species. This work dealt with improving ...
    • Analysis of flow within the coastal boundary layer off Long Island, New York 

      Churchill, James H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-04)
      From 1974 through 1978 a series of intensive measurements were made in the coastal waters within 12 km of Long Island. The data were derived from two sources: a mooring array from which time series of temperature, ...
    • Centennial changes of the global water cycle in CMIP5 models 

      Levang, Samuel J.; Schmitt, Raymond W. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-08-15)
      The global water cycle is predicted to intensify under various greenhouse gas emissions scenarios. Here the nature and strength of the expected changes for the ocean in the coming century are assessed by examining the ...
    • Compiled temperature, salinity, density, and in-situ velocity sections along the north-east Chukchi Shelfbreak 

      Corlett, W. Bryce; Pickart, Robert S. (2016-07-26)
      This data was compiled from June-Aug. 2014, and covers all historical hydrography in the north-east Chukchi shelfbreak region with in-situ velocity measurements available at the time of compilation. All data is provided ...
    • The distribution of salinity in the estuary of the Delaware River 

      Ketchum, Bostwick H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1952-12)
      The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution has been asked by the New York City Board of Water Supply to study and review recent observations on the distribution of fresh and salt water in the Estuary of the Delaware River. ...
    • EcoMapper operations---KN209-1 

      Hodges, Benjamin A.; Fratantoni, David M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2012-12)
      This report describes the collection of water property data from EcoMapper AUVs during the R/V Knorr 209-1 cruise as part of the SPURS (Salinity Processes Upper-ocean Regional Study) project. Post-processing was required ...
    • Eddies in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, observed from ice-tethered profilers 

      Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Toole, John M.; Proshutinsky, Andrey; Krishfield, Richard A.; Plueddemann, Albert J. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-01)
      Five ice-tethered profilers (ITPs), deployed between 2004 and 2006, have provided detailed potential temperature θ and salinity S profiles from 21 anticyclonic eddy encounters in the central Canada Basin of the Arctic ...
    • Effects of sea-level rise on barrier island groundwater system dynamics – ecohydrological implications 

      Masterson, John P.; Fienen, Michael N.; Thieler, E. Robert; Gesch, Dean B.; Gutierrez, Benjamin T.; Plant, Nathaniel G. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-11-12)
      We used a numerical model to investigate how a barrier island groundwater system responds to increases of up to 60 cm in sea level. We found that a sea-level rise of 20 cm leads to substantial changes in the depth of the ...
    • Effects of temperature and salinity on the growth of Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) isolates from the Salish Sea 

      Bill, Brian D.; Moore, Stephanie K.; Hay, Levi R.; Anderson, Donald M.; Trainer, Vera L. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-02-25)
      Toxin-producing blooms of dinoflagellates in the genus Alexandrium have plagued the inhabitants of the Salish Sea for centuries. Yet the environmental conditions that promote accelerated growth of this organism, a producer ...
    • Environmentally mediated trends in otolith composition of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) 

      Stanley, Ryan R. E.; Bradbury, Ian R.; DiBacco, Claudio; Snelgrove, Paul V. R.; Thorrold, Simon R.; Killen, Shaun S. (2015-04)
      We evaluated the influence of environmental exposure of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morua) to inform interpretations of natal origins and movement patterns using otolith geochemistry. Laboratory rearing experiments were ...
    • Evidence of multidecadal salinity variability in the eastern tropical North Atlantic 

      Moses, Christopher S.; Swart, Peter K.; Rosenheim, Brad E. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-08-17)
      Ocean circulation and global climate are strongly influenced by seawater density, which is itself controlled by salinity and temperature. Although adequate instrumental sea-surface temperature (SST) records exist for ...
    • An experimental study of salt wedges 

      Farmer, Harlow G. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1951-12)
      The objective of the estuary studies being conducted at this Institution is to attempt an understanding of tidal flushing. Two theories have been developed, that of Ketchum employing an extension of the tidal prism ...
    • Finestructure and turbulence in the deep ocean 

      Hendricks, Peter J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1977-01)
      Millimeter scale fluctuations in refractive index recorded with a freely sinking shadowgraph system are correlated with finestructure profiles of temperature, salinity and density and compared to models of ocean turbulence. ...
    • Florida Current surface temperature and salinity variability during the last millennium 

      Lund, David C.; Curry, William B. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-05-05)
      The salinity and temperature of the Florida Current are key parameters affecting the transport of heat into the North Atlantic, yet little is known about their variability on centennial time scales. Here we report replicated, ...
    • Hydrodynamics of CTD instrument packages 

      Cook, Michael F. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1981-09)
      This report is part of a research project conducted at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to improve the flight characteristics of CTD instrument packages. Improvement of these cable lowered instrument packages ...
    • Hydrographic data from warm core ring 82-B 

      Stalcup, Marvel C.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Barbour, R. Lorraine; Dunworth, Jane A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1985-07)
      Hydrographic data are presented from three cruises to Warm Core Ring 82-B during April-August 1982. These data include a sampling of the 2 db pressure, temperature, salinity and oxygen measurements obtained with a CTD-02 ...
    • Hydrographic station data obtained in the vicinity of Georges Bank, May and August, 1976 

      Limeburner, Richard; Vermersch, John A.; Beardsley, Robert C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-08)
      Two extended cruises were made during May and August, 1976, to measure the regional hydrographic structure in the vicinity of Georges Bank on the New England Continental Shelf. A summary of the hydrographic observations ...
    • Implications of North Atlantic sea surface salinity for summer precipitation over the U.S. Midwest : mechanisms and predictive value 

      Li, Laifang; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Karnauskas, Kristopher B. (American Meteorological Society, 2016-04-19)
      Moisture originating from the subtropical North Atlantic feeds precipitation throughout the Western Hemisphere. This ocean-to-land moisture transport leaves its imprint on sea surface salinity (SSS), enabling SSS over the ...
    • The influence of salinity on Mg/Ca in planktic foraminifers - evidence from cultures, core-top sediments and complementary δ18O 

      Honisch, Barbel; Allen, Katherine A.; Lea, David W.; Spero, Howard J.; Eggins, Stephen M.; Arbuszewski, Jennifer; deMenocal, Peter B.; Rosenthal, Yair; Russell, Ann D.; Elderfield, Henry (2013-06)
      The Mg/Ca ratio in foraminiferal calcite is one of the principal proxies used for paleoceanographic temperature reconstructions, but recent core-top sediment observations suggest that salinity may exert a significant ...