Now showing items 557-576 of 8196

    • A Bayesian network to predict coastal vulnerability to sea level rise 

      Gutierrez, Benjamin T.; Plant, Nathaniel G.; Thieler, E. Robert (American Geophysical Union, 2011-04-22)
      Sea level rise during the 21st century will have a wide range of effects on coastal environments, human development, and infrastructure in coastal areas. The broad range of complex factors influencing coastal systems ...
    • Bayesian parameter estimation and interpretation for an intermediate model of tree-ring width 

      Tolwinski-Ward, S. E.; Anchukaitis, Kevin J.; Evans, Michael N. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2013-07-15)
      We present a Bayesian model for estimating the parameters of the VS-Lite forward model of tree-ring width for a particular chronology and its local climatology. The scheme also provides information about the uncertainty ...
    • Bcl-xL regulates metabolic efficiency of neurons through interaction with the mitochondrial F1FO ATP synthase 

      Alavian, Kambiz N.; Li, Hongmei; Collis, Leon P.; Bonanni, Laura; Zeng, Lu; Sacchetti, Silvio; Lazrove, Emma; Nabili, Panah; Flaherty, Benjamin; Graham, Morven; Chen, Yingbei; Messerli, Shanta M.; Mariggio, Maria A.; Rahner, Christoph; McNay, Ewan; Shore, Gordon; Smith, Peter J. S.; Hardwick, J. Marie; Jonas, Elizabeth A. (2011-06)
      Anti-apoptotic BCL-2 family proteins such as Bcl-xL protect cells from death by sequestering apoptotic molecules, but also contribute to normal neuronal function. We find in hippocampal neurons that Bcl-xL enhances the ...
    • Beach changes and management options for Nauset Barrier Beach and Orleans Town Beach, Cape Cod, MA : report to the Town of Orleans 

      Aubrey, David G.; Robertson, William (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-04)
      The present study investigated the shoreline and dune changes occurrng along Nauset Barrier Beach system during the past sixty years, based on examination of aerial photographs, charts, and other data sources. Significant ...
    • Beach changes at Nauset Inlet, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 1670-1981 

      Speer, Paul E.; Aubrey, David G.; Ruder, E. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-08)
      A historical study of barrier beach and inlet changes for the Nauset Inlet region, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, was performed to document patterns of beach and inlet change as a preliminary to designing and carrying out ffeld ...
    • Beach studies in the Cape Cod area : conducted during the period August 1953-April 1960 

      Zeigler, John M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1960-04)
      Six years of field data plus the conclusions of eight published papers, plus two papers 11 in press", are included in this final report. Wherever possible the writer has attempted to sum up significant unpublished data by ...
    • Beaked whale necropsy findings for strandings in the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, and Madeira, 1999-2002 

      Ketten, Darlene R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2005-11)
      Necropsy and histologic findings for examinations performed on beaked whales stranding between October, 1999 and June, 2002 are summarized and the finding interpreted. They are presented in chronological order of exams ...
    • Beaked whales echolocate on prey 

      Johnson, Mark P.; Madsen, Peter T.; Zimmer, Walter M. X.; Aguilar De Soto, Natacha; Tyack, Peter L. (Royal Society, 2004-12-07)
      Beaked whales (Cetacea: Ziphiidea) of the genera Ziphius and Mesoplodon are so difficult to study that they are mostly known from strandings. How these elusive toothed whales use and react to sound is of concern because ...
    • Beaked whales respond to simulated and actual navy sonar 

      Tyack, Peter L.; Zimmer, Walter M. X.; Moretti, David J.; Southall, Brandon L.; Claridge, Diane E.; Durban, John W.; Clark, Christopher W.; D'Amico, Angela; DiMarzio, Nancy A.; Jarvis, Susan; McCarthy, Elena; Morrissey, Ronald; Ward, Jessica; Boyd, Ian L. (Public Library of Science, 2011-03-14)
      Beaked whales have mass stranded during some naval sonar exercises, but the cause is unknown. They are difficult to sight but can reliably be detected by listening for echolocation clicks produced during deep foraging ...
    • A beam pattern design procedure for multidimensional sonar arrays empolying minimum variance beamforming 

      Richards, Randall G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-09)
      This paper develops a beam pattern design procedure for general multidimensional irregular sonar arrays that incorporates the not well understood effects of array geometry into the design process. The procedure is ...
    • A beamforming video recorder for integrated observations of dolphin behavior and vocalizations 

      Ball, Keenan R.; Buck, John R. (Acoustical Society of America, 2005-03)
      In this Letter we describe a beamforming video recorder consisting of a video camera at the center of a 16 hydrophone array. A broadband frequency-domain beamforming algorithm is used to estimate the azimuth and elevation ...
    • Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Experiment : deployment operations and technology 2003 

      Ostrom, William M.; Kemp, John N.; Krishfield, Richard A.; Proshutinsky, Andrey (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2004-01)
      The Beaufort Gyre Freshwater Experiment (BGFE) observational program was designed to measure the freshwater content of the upper ocean and sea ice in the Beaufort Gyre of the Arctic Ocean using bottom-tethered moorings, ...
    • Beaufort Gyre freshwater reservoir : state and variability from observations 

      Proshutinsky, Andrey; Krishfield, Richard A.; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Toole, John M.; Carmack, Eddy C.; McLaughlin, Fiona A.; Williams, William J.; Zimmermann, Sarah; Itoh, Motoyo; Shimada, Koji (American Geophysical Union, 2009-06-24)
      We investigate basin-scale mechanisms regulating anomalies in freshwater content (FWC) in the Beaufort Gyre (BG) of the Arctic Ocean using historical observations and data collected in 2003–2007. Specifically, the mean ...
    • The Beaufort Gyre Observing System 2004 : mooring recovery and deployment operations in pack ice 

      Kemp, John N.; Newhall, Kris; Ostrom, William M.; Krishfield, Richard A.; Proshutinsky, Andrey (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2005-05)
      Situated beneath the Arctic perennial ice pack, the principal components of the Beaufort Gyre Observing System are three deep-ocean bottom-tethered moorings with CTD and velocity profilers, upward looking sonars for ice ...
    • Behavior of lobsters (Homarus americanus) in a semi-natural environment at ambient temperatures and under thermal stress 

      Stein, Lauren; Jacobson, Stewart; Atema, Jelle (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1975-10)
      In January, 1974 we established semi-natural habitats in two 10ft. diameter, octagonal aquaria, with five lobsters (Homarus americanus) each, and several Cancer irroratus, Anguilla rostrata, Pseudopleuronectes americanus and ...
    • Behavioral ecology of coral reef fishes at spawning aggregation sites 

      Sancho, Gorka (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-04)
      Coral reef fishes aggregate to spawn on certain locations of reefs. This thesis is an extensive investigation of the behavioral and ecological relations between spawning reef fishes, predators and their environment at a ...
    • Behavioral impacts of disentanglement of a right whale under sedation and the energetic cost of entanglement 

      van der Hoop, Julie; Moore, Michael J.; Fahlman, Andreas; Bocconcelli, Alessandro; George, Clay; Jackson, Katharine; Miller, Carolyn A.; Morin, David; Pitchford, Thomas; Rowles, Teresa K.; Smith, Jamison; Zoodsma, Barb (2013-03)
      Protracted entanglement in fishing gear often leads to emaciation through reduced mobility and foraging ability, and energy budget depletion from the added drag of towing gear for months or years. We examined changes in ...
    • The behavioral physiology of labroid fishes 

      Curran, Mary C. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-09)
      The family Labridae, or wrasses, is one of the most speciose fish families and is exceptional in its wide range of morphological and behavioral diversities. The cunner Tautogolabrus adspersus is one of two temperate-dwelling ...