Now showing items 517-536 of 7667

    • Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor Estuary : case study of a highly eutrophic coastal bay system 

      Kennish, Michael J.; Bricker, Suzanne B.; Dennison, William C.; Glibert, Patricia M.; Livingston, Robert J.; Moore, Kenneth A.; Noble, Rachel T.; Paerl, Hans W.; Ramstack, Joy M.; Seitzinger, Sybil P.; Tomasko, David A.; Valiela, Ivan (2006-09-26)
      The Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor Estuary is classified here as a highly eutrophic estuary based on application of NOAA’s National Estuarine Eutrophication Assessment model. Because it is shallow, poorly flushed, and ...
    • The baroclinic adjustment of time-dependent shear flows 

      Poulin, Francis J.; Flierl, Glenn R.; Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2010-08)
      Motivated by the fact that time-dependent currents are ubiquitous in the ocean, this work studies the two-layer Phillips model on the beta plane with baroclinic shear flows that are steady, periodic, or aperiodic in time ...
    • Baroclinic flow around planetary islands in a double gyre : a mechanism for cross-gyre flow 

      Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2010-05)
      A quasigeostrophic, two-layer model is used to study the baroclinic circulation around a thin, meridionally elongated island. The flow is driven by either buoyancy forcing or wind stress, each of whose structure would ...
    • Baroclinic instability of a meridionally varying basic state 

      Meacham, Stephen P. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-06)
      Several problems are addressed herein. They are loosely connected by the theme of resonant triad interactions. The main topic is the finite amplitude evolution of weakly unstable, linear eigenmodes in a meridionally ...
    • Baroclinic instability of time-dependent currents 

      Pedlosky, Joseph; Thomson, James M. (Cambridge University Press, 2003-08-19)
      The baroclinic instability of a zonal current on the beta-plane is studied in the context of the two-layer model when the shear of the basic current is a periodic function of time. The basic shear is contained in a zonal ...
    • Baroclinic vortices over a sloping bottom 

      LaCasce, Joseph H. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1996-09)
      Nonlinear quasigeostrophic flows in two layers over a topographic slope are considered. The evolution depends on the size of two parameters which indicate the degree of nonlinearity at depth. The first measures the ...
    • Barotropic Rossby waves radiating from tropical instability waves in the Pacific Ocean 

      Farrar, J. Thomas (American Meteorological Society, 2011-06)
      Tropical instability waves are triggered by instabilities of the equatorial current systems, and their sea level signal, with peak amplitude near 5°N, is one of the most prominent features of the dynamic topography of the ...
    • Barotropic tide in the northeast South China Sea 

      Beardsley, Robert C.; Duda, Timothy F.; Lynch, James F.; Irish, James D.; Ramp, Steven R.; Chiu, Ching-Sang; Tang, Tswen Yung; Yang, Yiing-Jang; Fang, Guohong (IEEE, 2004-10)
      A moored array deployed across the shelf break in the northeast South China Sea during April-May 2001 collected sufficient current and pressure data to allow estimation of the barotropic tidal currents and energy fluxes ...
    • Barotropic tides on the southeast New England shelf : a view from a hybrid data assimilative modeling approach 

      He, Ruoying; Wilkin, John L. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-08-01)
      A high-resolution hybrid data assimilative (DA) modeling system is used to study barotropic tides and tidal dynamics on the southeast New England shelf. In situ observations include tidal harmonics of 5 major tidal ...
    • Barracks-based library instruction for female STEM majors 

      Connor, Elizabeth (IAMSLIC, 2014)
    • Basal gnathostomes provide unique insights into the evolution of vitamin B12 binders 

      Lopes-Marques, Monica; Ruivo, Raquel; Delgado, Ines; Wilson, Jonathan M.; Aluru, Neelakanteswar; Castro, L. Filipe C. (Oxford University Press, 2014-12-31)
      The uptake and transport of vitamin B12 (cobalamin; Cbl) in mammals involves a refined system with three evolutionarily related transporters: transcobalamin 1 (Tcn1), transcobalamin 2 (Tcn2), and the gastric intrinsic ...
    • Basalt petrogenesis beneath slow- and ultraslow-spreading Arctic mid-ocean ridges 

      Elkins, Lynne J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2009-02)
      To explore the ability of melting mafic lithologies to produce alkaline ocean-island basalts (OIB), an experimental study was carried out measuring clinopyroxene (Cpx)- melt and garnet (Gt)-melt partition coefficients ...
    • Baseline hearing abilities and variability in wild beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) 

      Castellote, Manuel; Mooney, T. Aran; Quakenbush, Lori T.; Hobbs, Roderick; Goertz, Caroline; Gaglione, Eric (2014-01)
      While hearing is the primary sensory modality for odontocetes, there are few data addressing variation within a natural population. This work describes the hearing ranges (4-150 kHz) and sensitivities of seven apparently ...
    • Basin-scale inputs of cobalt, iron, and manganese from the Benguela-Angola front to the South Atlantic Ocean 

      Noble, Abigail E.; Lamborg, Carl H.; Ohnemus, Daniel C.; Lam, Phoebe J.; Goepfert, Tyler J.; Measures, Christopher I.; Frame, Caitlin H.; Casciotti, Karen L.; DiTullio, Giacomo R.; Jennings, Joe C.; Saito, Mak A. (Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, 2012-07)
      We present full-depth zonal sections of total dissolved cobalt, iron, manganese, and labile cobalt from the South Atlantic Ocean. A basin-scale plume from the African coast appeared to be a major source of dissolved metals ...
    • Basin-scale tidal measurements using acoustic tomography 

      Headrick, Robert H. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-09)
      Travel-times of acoustic signals were measured between a bottom-mounted source near Oahu and four bottom-mounted receivers located near Washington, Oregon, and California in 1988 and 1989. This paper discusses the observed ...
    • Bathymetric controls on sediment transport in the Hudson River estuary : lateral asymmetry and frontal trapping 

      Ralston, David K.; Geyer, W. Rockwell; Warner, John C. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-10-17)
      Analyses of field observations and numerical model results have identified that sediment transport in the Hudson River estuary is laterally segregated between channel and shoals, features frontal trapping at multiple ...
    • Bathymetric zonation of deep-sea macrofauna in relation to export of surface phytoplankton production 

      Wei, Chih-Lin; Rowe, Gilbert T.; Hubbard, G. Fain; Scheltema, Amelie H.; Wilson, George D. F.; Petrescu, Iorgu; Foster, John M.; Wicksten, Mary K.; Chen, Min; Davenport, Roe; Soliman, Yousria; Wang, Yuning (Inter-Research, 2010-01-28)
      Macrobenthos of the deep, northern Gulf of Mexico (GoM) was sampled with box cores (0.2 m2) along multiple cross-depth transects extending from depths of 200 m to the maximum depth of the basin at 3700 m. Bathymetric (depth) ...
    • Bathymetry and sediment thickness survey of the Hawaii-2 cable : cruise report for Kiwi expedition leg 2 on the R/V Roger Revelle 

      Stephen, Ralph A.; Swift, Stephen A.; Greaves, Robert J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1997)
      The primary purpose of this cruise was to identify at least two potential observatory sites along the Hawaii-2 cable that would be suitable for drilling a hole to basement. There is a funded program, the Hawaii-2 Observatory ...
    • Bathymetry from space : rationale and requirements for a new, high-resolution altimetric mission 

      Sandwell, David T.; Smith, Walter H. F.; Gille, Sarah T.; Kappel, Ellen; Jayne, Steven R.; Soofi, Khalid; Coakley, Bernard; Geli, Louis (2006-04-26)
      Bathymetry is foundational data, providing basic infrastructure for scientific, economic, educational, managerial, and political work. Applications as diverse as tsunami hazard assessment, communications cable and pipeline ...