Now showing items 5120-5139 of 7719

    • On rectification of randomly forced flows 

      Berloff, Pavel S. (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2005-05)
      Nonlinear rectification of the ocean circulation driven by random forcing, which simulates the effect of unresolved eddies, is studied in an idealized closed basin. The results are based on the analysis of randomly forced ...
    • On sea surface salinity skin effect iInduced by evaporation and implications for remote sensing of ocean salinity 

      Yu, Lisan (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
      The existence of a cool and salty sea surface skin under evaporation was first proposed by Saunders in 1967, but few efforts have since been made to perceive the salt component of the skin layer. With two salinity missions ...
    • On the Abyssal circulation in the glacial Atlantic 

      Marchal, Olivier; Curry, William B. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-09)
      An inverse method is used to evaluate the information contained in sediment data for the Atlantic basin during the Last Glacial Maximum (defined here as the time interval 18–21 kyr before present). The data being considered ...
    • On the acoustic diffraction by the edges of benthic shells 

      Stanton, Timothy K.; Chu, Dezhang (Acoustical Society of America, 2004-07)
      Recent laboratory measurements of acoustic backscattering by individual benthic shells have isolated the edge-diffracted echo from echoes due to the surface of the main body of the shell. The data indicate that the echo ...
    • On the attribution of a single event to climate change 

      Hansen, Gerrit; Auffhammer, Maximilian; Solow, Andrew R. (American Meteorological Society, 2014-11-15)
      There is growing interest in assessing the role of climate change in observed extreme weather events. Recent work in this area has focused on estimating a measure called attributable risk. A statistical formulation of this ...
    • On the bioeconomics of marine reserves when dispersal evolves 

      Moberg, Emily A.; Shyu, Esther; Herrera, Guillermo E.; Lenhart, Suzanne; Lou, Yuan; Neubert, Michael G. (2015-08)
      Marine reserves are an increasingly used and potentially contentious tool in fisheries management. Depending upon the way that individuals move, no-take marine reserves can be necessary for maximizing equilibrium rent in ...
    • On the boundary conditions applied to the sea-ice coupled model 

      Huang, Rui Xin; Jin, Xiangze (American Geophysical Union, 2007-04-06)
      The formulation of suitable boundary conditions at the water-ice interface during ice formation (melting) is an important aspect of the sea-ice coupled model. The transfer of water and salt through the water-ice can be ...
    • On the calculation of wind stress curl over open ocean areas from synoptic meteorological data with application to time dependent ocean circulation 

      Welch, Christopher Slocombe (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1972-02)
      The method used by N. P. Fofonoff for estimating wind stress curl from surface atmospheric pressure maps is developed for use with the National Meterological Center analysis grid. A formula is developed relating the wind ...
    • On the characteristics of Circumpolar Deep Water intrusions to the west Antarctic Peninsula Continental Shelf 

      Moffat, Carlos F.; Owens, W. Brechner; Beardsley, Robert C. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-05-19)
      Hydrographic and current velocity observations collected from March 2001 to February 2003 on the west Antarctic Peninsula shelf as part of the Southern Ocean Global Ecosystems Dynamics program are used to characterize ...
    • On the circulation of Atlantic Water in the Arctic Ocean 

      Spall, Michael A. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-11)
      An idealized eddy-resolving numerical model and an analytic three-layer model are used to develop ideas about what controls the circulation of Atlantic Water in the Arctic Ocean. The numerical model is forced with a surface ...
    • On the connection between dense water formation, overturning, and poleward heat transport in a convective basin 

      Straneo, Fiamma (American Meteorological Society, 2006-09)
      An isopycnal, two-layer, idealized model for a convective basin is proposed, consisting of a convecting, interior region and a surrounding boundary current (buoyancy and wind-driven). Parameterized eddy fluxes govern the ...
    • On the crossover of boundary currents in an idealized model of the Red Sea 

      Zhai, Ping; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Bower, Amy S. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-05)
      The west-to-east crossover of boundary currents has been seen in mean circulation schemes from several past models of the Red Sea. This study investigates the mechanisms that produce and control the crossover in an idealized, ...
    • On the detection of summertime terrestrial photosynthetic variability from its atmospheric signature 

      Bonfils, Celine; Fung, Inez Y.; Doney, Scott C.; John, Jasmin G. (American Geophysical Union, 2004-05-11)
      We identify the climatic signatures of the summertime terrestrial photosynthesis variability using a long simulation of pre-industrial climate performed with the NCAR coupled global climate-carbon model. Since plant ...
    • On the dynamics of shallow water currents in Massachusetts Bay and on the New England continental shelf 

      Butman, Bradford (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-04)
      Massachusetts Bay is a coastal Bay 100 km long and 40 km wide located in the western Gulf of Maine. The Bay is closed by land to the north, west and south, but is open to the Gulf to the east; the opening is partially ...
    • On the dynamics of the seasonal variation in the South China Sea throughflow transport 

      Yang, Jiayan; Lin, Xiaopei; Wu, Dexing (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-12-16)
      The Luzon Strait transport (LST) of water mass from the Pacific Ocean to the South China Sea (SCS) varies significantly with seasons. The mechanisms for this large variability are still not well understood. The steady-state ...
    • On the dynamics of the South China Sea Warm Current 

      Yang, Jiayan; Wu, Dexing; Lin, Xiaopei (American Geophysical Union, 2008-08-05)
      The South China Sea Warm Current (SCSWC) flows northeastward over the shelf and continental slope in the northern South China Sea (SCS). This current persists in its northeastward direction in all seasons despite the fact ...
    • On the dynamics of the Zanzibar Channel 

      Zavala-Garay, Javier; Theiss, Jurgen; Moulton, Melissa; Walsh, Connor; van Woesik, Robert; Mayorga-Adame, Claudia G.; García-Reyes, Marisol; Mukaka, D. S.; Whilden, Kerri; Shaghude, Y. W. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-09-12)
      The Zanzibar Channel lies between the mainland of Tanzania and Zanzibar Island in the tropical western Indian Ocean, is about 100 km long, 40 km wide, and 40 m deep, and is essential to local socioeconomic activities. This ...
    • On the echo interference in sound backscattering by densely aggregated targets 

      Gorska, Natalia; Chu, Dezhang (2004-12-01)
      It is important to understand the volume backscattering by dense aggregations of a variety of scattering objects such as bubbles or biological targets. This paper addresses the interference of the echoes from randomly ...
    • On the economic optimality of marine reserves when fishing damages habitat 

      Moeller, Holly V. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2010-06)
      In this thesis, I expand a spatially-explicit bioeconomic fishery model to include the negative effects of fishing effort on habitat quality. I consider two forms of effort driven habitat damage: First, fishing effort ...
    • On the effect of a sill on dense water formation in a marginal sea 

      Iovino, Doroteaciro; Straneo, Fiamma; Spall, Michael A. (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2008-05)
      The properties of water mass transformation in a semi-enclosed basin, separated from the open ocean by a sill and subject to surface cooling, are analyzed both theoretically and numerically using an ocean general circulation ...