Now showing items 4873-4892 of 7807

    • Noble gas signatures of abyssal gabbros and peridotites at an Indian Ocean core complex 

      Kumagai, Hidenori; Dick, Henry J. B.; Kaneoka, Ichiro (American Geophysical Union, 2003-12-30)
      We report some of the first noble gas data for in situ lower oceanic crust and shallow mantle. From a suite of gabbros and peridotites recovered from the Atlantis Bank oceanic core complex on the Southwest Indian Ridge, ...
    • Noise level correlates with manatee use of foraging habitats 

      Miksis-Olds, Jennifer L.; Donaghay, Percy L.; Miller, James H.; Tyack, Peter L.; Nystuen, Jeffrey A. (Acoustical Society of America, 2007-05)
      The introduction of anthropogenic sound to coastal waters is a negative side effect of population growth. As noise from boats, marine construction, and coastal dredging increases, environmental and behavioral monitoring ...
    • A non-invasive method for measuring preimplantation embryo physiology 

      Trimarchi, James R.; Liu, Lin; Porterfield, D. Marshall; Smith, Peter J. S.; Keefe, David L. (Cambridge University Press, 2000-02)
      The physiology of the early embryo may be indicative of embryo vitality and therefore methods for non-invasively monitoring physiological parameters from embryos could improve preimplantation diagnoses. The self-referencing ...
    • Non-linear dynamic intertwining of rods with self-contact 

      Goyal, Sachin; Perkins, N. C.; Lee, Christopher L. (2007-10)
      Twisted marine cables on the sea floor can form highly contorted three-dimensional loops that resemble tangles. Such tangles or ‘hockles’ are topologically equivalent to the plectomenes that form in supercoiled DNA ...
    • Non-Rayleigh acoustic scattering characteristics of individual fish and zooplankton 

      Stanton, Timothy K.; Chu, Dezhang; Reeder, D. Benjamin (IEEE, 2004-04)
      It has long been known that the statistical properties of acoustic echoes from individual fish can have non-Rayleigh characteristics. The statistical properties of echoes from zooplankton are generally less understood. In ...
    • Non-Rayleigh scattering by a randomly oriented elongated scatterer 

      Bhatia, Saurav (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2012-08)
      The echo statistics of a randomly rough, randomly oriented prolate spheroid that is randomly located in a beampattern are investigated from physics-based principles both analytically and by Monte Carlo methods. This is ...
    • Nonequilibrium clumped isotope signals in microbial methane 

      Wang, David T.; Gruen, Danielle S.; Lollar, Barbara Sherwood; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe; Stewart, Lucy C.; Holden, James F.; Hristov, Alexander N.; Pohlman, John W.; Morrill, Penny L.; Konneke, Martin; Delwiche, Kyle B.; Reeves, Eoghan P.; Sutcliffe, Chelsea N.; Ritter, Daniel J.; Seewald, Jeffrey S.; McIntosh, Jennifer C.; Hemond, Harold F.; Kubo, Michael D.; Cardace, Dawn; Hoehler, Tori M.; Ono, Shuhei (2015-02-09)
      Methane is a key component in the global carbon cycle with a wide range of anthropogenic and natural sources. Although isotopic compositions of methane have traditionally aided source identification, the abundance of its ...
    • Nonhomogeneous seawater Sr isotopic composition in the coastal oceans : a novel tool for tracing water masses and submarine groundwater discharge 

      Huang, Kuo-Fang; You, Chen-Feng; Chung, Chuan-Hsiung; Lin, In-Tian (American Geophysical Union, 2011-05-07)
      Here we present high-precision (2σ = ±3 ppm) 87Sr/86Sr measurements in coastal waters, together with salinity, to evaluate water mass mixing and the influence of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) in coastal waters and ...
    • A nonhydrostatic version of FVCOM : 1. Validation experiments 

      Lai, Zhigang; Chen, Changsheng; Cowles, Geoffrey W.; Beardsley, Robert C. (American Geophysical Union, 2010-11-13)
      The unstructured grid finite volume coastal ocean model (FVCOM) system has been expanded to include nonhydrostatic dynamics. This addition uses the factional step method with both split mode explicit and semi-implicit ...
    • A nonhydrostatic version of FVCOM : 2. Mechanistic study of tidally generated nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay 

      Lai, Zhigang; Chen, Changsheng; Cowles, Geoffrey W.; Beardsley, Robert C. (American Geophysical Union, 2010-12-21)
      The generation, propagation, and dissipation processes of large-amplitude nonlinear internal waves in Massachusetts Bay during the stratified season were examined using the nonhydrostatic Finite-Volume Coastal Ocean Model ...
    • Nonlinear adjustment of a localized layer of buoyant, uniform potential vorticity fluid against a vertical wall 

      Helfrich, Karl R. (2006-01-29)
      The nonlinear evolution of a localized layer of buoyant, uniform potential vorticity fluid of uniform depth H, width w0 and length L released adjacent to a wall in a rotating system is studied using reduced-gravity ...
    • Nonlinear disintegration of the internal tide 

      Helfrich, Karl R.; Grimshaw, Roger H. J. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-03)
      The disintegration of a first-mode internal tide into shorter solitary-like waves is considered. Since observations frequently show both tides and waves with amplitudes beyond the restrictions of weakly nonlinear theory, ...
    • The nonlinear downstream development of baroclinic instability 

      Pedlosky, Joseph (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2011-07-01)
      The downstream development in both space and time of baroclinic instability is studied in a nonlinear channel model on the f-plane. The model allows the development of the instability to be expressed on space and time ...
    • The nonlinear dynamics of time-dependent subcritical baroclinic currents 

      Flierl, Glenn R.; Pedlosky, Joseph (American Meteorological Society, 2007-04)
      The nonlinear dynamics of baroclinically unstable waves in a time-dependent zonal shear flow is considered in the framework of the two-layer Phillips model on the beta plane. In most cases considered in this study the ...
    • Nonlinear generation and loss of infragravity wave energy 

      Henderson, Stephen M.; Guza, R. T.; Elgar, Steve; Herbers, T. H. C.; Bowen, A. J. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-12-08)
      Nonlinear energy transfers with sea and swell (frequencies 0.05–0.40 Hz) were responsible for much of the generation and loss of infragravity wave energy (frequencies 0.005–0.050 Hz) observed under moderate- and low-energy ...
    • Nonlinear interactions among standing surface and internal gravity waves 

      Joyce, Terrence M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1972-06)
      A laboratory study has been undertaken to measure the momentum transfer from surface to internal gravity waves in a nonlinear, resonant interaction. The interacting waves form triads for which σ1s - σ2s ± σI = 0 and κ1s - ...
    • Nonlinear internal waves over New Jersey's continental shelf 

      Shroyer, Emily L.; Moum, James N.; Nash, Jonathan D. (American Geophysical Union, 2011-03-23)
      Ship and mooring data collected off the coast of New Jersey are used to describe the nonlinear internal wave (NLIW) field and the background oceanographic conditions that formed the waveguide on the shelf. The subinertial, ...
    • Nonlinear stratified spindown over a slope 

      Benthuysen, Jessica A.; Thomas, Leif N. (Cambridge University Press, 2013-06-05)
      Nonlinear stratified spindown of an along-isobath current over an insulated slope is shown to develop asymmetries in the vertical circulation and vertical relative vorticity field. During spindown, cyclonic vorticity is ...
    • Nonlocal transport due to Langmuir circulation in a coastal ocean 

      Kukulka, Tobias; Plueddemann, Albert J.; Sullivan, Peter P. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-12-11)
      We present observations and simulations of large-scale velocity structures associated with turbulent boundary layer dynamics of a coastal ocean. Special purpose acoustic Doppler current profiler measurements revealed that ...
    • A nonparametric test for change in variability using a proxy record with an application to ENSO 

      Solow, Andrew R.; Beet, Andrew R. (American Geophysical Union, 2008-10-09)
      A common problem in climate science is determining whether the pattern of variability in a particular process or variable has changed over time. When the modern observational record is short, this problem can be addressed ...