Now showing items 4783-4802 of 7199

  • On latency of multiple zonal jets in the oceans 

    Berloff, Pavel S.; Karabasov, S. A.; Farrar, J. Thomas; Kamenkovich, Igor V. (Cambridge University Press, 2011-09-27)
    Most of the nearly zonal, multiple, alternating jets observed in the oceans are latent, that is, their amplitudes are weak relative to the ambient mesoscale eddies. Yet, relatively strong jets are often observed in dynamical ...
  • On minimising assignment errors and the trade‐off between false positives and negatives in parentage analysis 

    Harrison, Hugo B.; Saenz-Agudelo, Pablo; Planes, Serge; Jones, Geoffrey P.; Berumen, Michael L. (2013-05)
    Genetic parentage analyses provide a practical means with which to identify parent–offspring relationships in the wild. In Harrison et al.'s study (2013a), we compare three methods of parentage analysis and showed that the ...
  • On non-stationarity of ENSO 

    Solow, Andrew R.; Huppert, Amit (American Geophysical Union, 2003-09-13)
    Evolutionary spectral analysis has been used to study changes through time in the variability of ENSO-related time series. However, the significance of estimated evolutionary spectra has not been formally assessed. This ...
  • On predicting abundance from occupancy 

    Solow, Andrew R.; Smith, Woollcott K. (University of Chicago Press, 2010-05-13)
    There is growing interest in predicting the abundance of a species in a region from the occupancy of cells in a uniform grid overlaid on the region. When the number of individuals in each cell follows a negative binomial ...
  • On rectification of randomly forced flows 

    Berloff, Pavel S. (Sears Foundation for Marine Research, 2005-05)
    Nonlinear rectification of the ocean circulation driven by random forcing, which simulates the effect of unresolved eddies, is studied in an idealized closed basin. The results are based on the analysis of randomly forced ...
  • On sea surface salinity skin effect iInduced by evaporation and implications for remote sensing of ocean salinity 

    Yu, Lisan (American Meteorological Society, 2010-01)
    The existence of a cool and salty sea surface skin under evaporation was first proposed by Saunders in 1967, but few efforts have since been made to perceive the salt component of the skin layer. With two salinity missions ...
  • On the Abyssal circulation in the glacial Atlantic 

    Marchal, Olivier; Curry, William B. (American Meteorological Society, 2008-09)
    An inverse method is used to evaluate the information contained in sediment data for the Atlantic basin during the Last Glacial Maximum (defined here as the time interval 18–21 kyr before present). The data being considered ...
  • On the acoustic diffraction by the edges of benthic shells 

    Stanton, Timothy K.; Chu, Dezhang (Acoustical Society of America, 2004-07)
    Recent laboratory measurements of acoustic backscattering by individual benthic shells have isolated the edge-diffracted echo from echoes due to the surface of the main body of the shell. The data indicate that the echo ...
  • On the attribution of a single event to climate change 

    Hansen, Gerrit; Auffhammer, Maximilian; Solow, Andrew R. (American Meteorological Society, 2014-11-15)
    There is growing interest in assessing the role of climate change in observed extreme weather events. Recent work in this area has focused on estimating a measure called attributable risk. A statistical formulation of this ...
  • On the boundary conditions applied to the sea-ice coupled model 

    Huang, Rui Xin; Jin, Xiangze (American Geophysical Union, 2007-04-06)
    The formulation of suitable boundary conditions at the water-ice interface during ice formation (melting) is an important aspect of the sea-ice coupled model. The transfer of water and salt through the water-ice can be ...
  • On the calculation of wind stress curl over open ocean areas from synoptic meteorological data with application to time dependent ocean circulation 

    Welch, Christopher Slocombe (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1972-02)
    The method used by N. P. Fofonoff for estimating wind stress curl from surface atmospheric pressure maps is developed for use with the National Meterological Center analysis grid. A formula is developed relating the wind ...
  • On the characteristics of Circumpolar Deep Water intrusions to the west Antarctic Peninsula Continental Shelf 

    Moffat, Carlos F.; Owens, W. Brechner; Beardsley, Robert C. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-05-19)
    Hydrographic and current velocity observations collected from March 2001 to February 2003 on the west Antarctic Peninsula shelf as part of the Southern Ocean Global Ecosystems Dynamics program are used to characterize ...
  • On the circulation of Atlantic Water in the Arctic Ocean 

    Spall, Michael A. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-11)
    An idealized eddy-resolving numerical model and an analytic three-layer model are used to develop ideas about what controls the circulation of Atlantic Water in the Arctic Ocean. The numerical model is forced with a surface ...
  • On the connection between dense water formation, overturning, and poleward heat transport in a convective basin 

    Straneo, Fiamma (American Meteorological Society, 2006-09)
    An isopycnal, two-layer, idealized model for a convective basin is proposed, consisting of a convecting, interior region and a surrounding boundary current (buoyancy and wind-driven). Parameterized eddy fluxes govern the ...
  • On the crossover of boundary currents in an idealized model of the Red Sea 

    Zhai, Ping; Pratt, Lawrence J.; Bower, Amy S. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-05)
    The west-to-east crossover of boundary currents has been seen in mean circulation schemes from several past models of the Red Sea. This study investigates the mechanisms that produce and control the crossover in an idealized, ...
  • On the detection of summertime terrestrial photosynthetic variability from its atmospheric signature 

    Bonfils, Celine; Fung, Inez Y.; Doney, Scott C.; John, Jasmin (American Geophysical Union, 2004-05-11)
    We identify the climatic signatures of the summertime terrestrial photosynthesis variability using a long simulation of pre-industrial climate performed with the NCAR coupled global climate-carbon model. Since plant ...
  • On the dynamics of shallow water currents in Massachusetts Bay and on the New England continental shelf 

    Butman, Bradford (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1978-04)
    Massachusetts Bay is a coastal Bay 100 km long and 40 km wide located in the western Gulf of Maine. The Bay is closed by land to the north, west and south, but is open to the Gulf to the east; the opening is partially ...
  • On the dynamics of the seasonal variation in the South China Sea throughflow transport 

    Yang, Jiayan; Lin, Xiaopei; Wu, Dexing (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-12-16)
    The Luzon Strait transport (LST) of water mass from the Pacific Ocean to the South China Sea (SCS) varies significantly with seasons. The mechanisms for this large variability are still not well understood. The steady-state ...
  • On the dynamics of the South China Sea Warm Current 

    Yang, Jiayan; Wu, Dexing; Lin, Xiaopei (American Geophysical Union, 2008-08-05)
    The South China Sea Warm Current (SCSWC) flows northeastward over the shelf and continental slope in the northern South China Sea (SCS). This current persists in its northeastward direction in all seasons despite the fact ...
  • On the echo interference in sound backscattering by densely aggregated targets 

    Gorska, Natalia; Chu, Dezhang (2004-12-01)
    It is important to understand the volume backscattering by dense aggregations of a variety of scattering objects such as bubbles or biological targets. This paper addresses the interference of the echoes from randomly ...