Now showing items 3751-3770 of 8197

    • Interannual variability of primary production and dissolved organic nitrogen storage in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre 

      Luo, Ya-Wei; Ducklow, Hugh W.; Friedrichs, Marjorie A. M.; Church, Matthew J.; Karl, David M.; Doney, Scott C. (American Geophysical Union, 2012-08-10)
      The upper ocean primary production measurements from the Hawaii Ocean Time series (HOT) at Station ALOHA in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre showed substantial variability over the last two decades. The annual average ...
    • Interannual variability of the Pacific Water boundary current in the Beaufort Sea 

      Brugler, Eric T. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-09)
      Between 2002 and 2011 a single mooring was maintained in the core of the Pacific Water boundary current in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea near 152° W. Using velocity and hydrographic data from six year-long deployments during ...
    • Interannual variability of the South China Sea throughflow inferred from wind data and an ocean data assimilation product 

      Wang, Dong Xiao; Liu, Qinyan; Huang, Rui Xin; Du, Yan; Qu, Tangdong (American Geophysical Union, 2006-07-26)
      The Luzon Strait transport, as an index for the South China Sea throughflow, has attracted much attention. In this study the interannual variability of the Luzon Strait transport is examined, using the Island Rule and ...
    • Interannual variability of the South Indian Countercurrent 

      Menezes, Viviane V.; Phillips, Helen E.; Vianna, Marcio L.; Bindoff, Nathaniel (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-05-26)
      In the present work, we investigate the interannual variability of the South Indian Countercurrent (SICC), a major and still understudied current of the Indian Ocean circulation. To characterize the interannual variability ...
    • Interannual variability of the surface summertime eastward jet in the South China Sea 

      Li, Yuanlong; Han, Weiqing; Wilkin, John L.; Zhang, Weifeng G.; Arango, Hernan G.; Zavala-Garay, Javier; Levin, Julia C.; Castruccio, Frederic S. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-10-27)
      The summertime eastward jet (SEJ) located around 12°N, 110°E–113°E, as the offshore extension of the Vietnam coastal current, is an important feature of the South China Sea (SCS) surface circulation in boreal summer. ...
    • Interannual variability of winter-spring temperature in the Middle Atlantic Bight : relative contributions of atmospheric and oceanic processes 

      Chen, Ke; Kwon, Young-Oh; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-06-18)
      Relative contributions between the local atmospheric and oceanic processes on the interannual variability of winter-spring shelf temperature in the Middle Atlantic Bight (MAB) are investigated based on a regional ocean ...
    • Interannual variability of wintertime temperature on the inner continental shelf of the Middle Atlantic Bight 

      Connolly, Thomas P.; Lentz, Steven J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-09-17)
      The shallow depth of the inner continental shelf allows for rapid adjustment of the ocean to air-sea exchange of heat and momentum compared with offshore locations. Observations during 2001–2013 are used to evaluate the ...
    • Interannual variation in summer N2O concentration in the hypoxic region of the northern Gulf of Mexico, 1985–2007 

      Kim, I.-N.; Lee, K.; Bange, Hermann W.; Macdonald, Alison M. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2013-11-01)
      Microbial nitrous oxide (N2O) production in the ocean is enhanced under low-oxygen (O2) conditions. This is especially important in the context of increasing hypoxia (i.e., oceanic zones with extremely reduced O2 ...
    • Interannual variations in continental-scale net carbon exchange and sensitivity to observing networks estimated from atmospheric CO2 inversions for the period 1980 to 2005 

      Gurney, Kevin R.; Baker, David F.; Rayner, Peter; Denning, Scott (American Geophysical Union, 2008-08-26)
      Interannually varying net carbon exchange fluxes from the TransCom 3 Level 2 Atmospheric Inversion Intercomparison Experiment are presented for the 1980 to 2005 time period. The fluxes represent the model mean, net carbon ...
    • Intercalibration studies of short-lived thorium-234 in the water column and marine particles 

      Maiti, Kanchan; Buesseler, Ken O.; Pike, Steven M.; Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R.; Cai, Pinghe; Chen, Weifang; Cochran, Kirk; Dai, Minhan; Dehairs, Frank; Gasser, Beat; Kelly, Roger P.; Masque, Pere; Miller, Lisa A.; Miquel, Juan Carlos; Moran, S. Bradley; Morris, Paul J.; Peine, Florian; Planchon, Frederic; Renfro, Alisha A.; Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M.; Santschi, Peter H.; Turnewitsch, Robert; Waples, James T.; Xu, Chen (Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, 2012-09)
      Intercomparision of 234Th measurements in both water and particulate samples was carried out between 15 laboratories worldwide, as a part of GEOTRACES inter-calibration program. Particulate samples from four different ...
    • An intercomparison of procedures for the determination of total mercury in seawater and recommendations regarding mercury speciation during GEOTRACES cruises 

      Lamborg, Carl H.; Hammerschmidt, Chad R.; Gill, Gary A.; Mason, Robert P.; Gichuki, Susan (Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography, 2012-02)
      We conducted a laboratory intercomparison of total mercury (Hg) determination in seawater collected during U.S. GEOTRACES Intercalibration cruises in 2008 and 2009 to the NW Atlantic and NE Pacific Oceans. Results indicated ...
    • Interdecadal variability of the eastward current in the South China Sea associated with the summer Asian monsoon 

      Wang, Guihua; Wang, Chunzai; Huang, Rui Xin (American Meteorological Society, 2010-11-15)
      Based on the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) dataset and three types of Sverdrup streamfunction, an interdecadal variability of the eastward current in the middle South China Sea (SCS) during summer is identified. ...
    • An interdisciplinary assessment of climate engineering strategies 

      Cusack, Daniela F.; Axsen, Jonn; Shwom, Rachael; Hartzell-Nichols, Lauren; White, Sam; Mackey, Katherine R. M. (Ecological Society of America, 2014-06)
      Mitigating further anthropogenic changes to the global climate will require reducing greenhouse-gas emissions (“abatement”), or else removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and/or diminishing solar input (“climate ...
    • Interdisciplinary study of Gulf Stream warm core ring physics, chemistry, and biology : report of the Warm Core Rings Data Workshop, July 6-19, 1983, Whispering Pines Conference Center, W. Alton Jones Campus, University of Rhode Island, West Greenwich, Rhode Island 

      Wiebe, Peter H. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1983-09)
      The warm-core rings program held an intensive 2-week data processing and analysis workshop during the period 6 to 19 July 1983 at the Alton Jones Campus Conference Center of the University of Rhode Is land. The purpose ...
    • Interdisciplinary study of warm core ring physics, chemistry, and biology 

      Kester, Dana R.; Flierl, Glenn R.; McCarthy, James J.; Schink, David R.; Wiebe, Peter H.; Joyce, Terrence M.; Backus, Richard H.; Cowles, Timothy J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1981-03)
      We are conducting an interdisciplinary study of the structure and dynamics of Gulf Stream \Warm Core Rings by a time series investigation of selected rings. This program consists of highly integrated components which ...
    • Interferometry of infragravity waves off New Zealand 

      Godin, Oleg A.; Zabotin, Nikolay A.; Sheehan, Anne F.; Collins, John A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-02-18)
      Wave interferometry is a remote sensing technique, which is increasingly employed in helioseismology, seismology, and acoustics to retrieve parameters of the propagation medium from two-point cross-correlation functions ...
    • Interlaboratory study for coral Sr/Ca and other element/Ca ratio measurements 

      Hathorne, Ed C.; Gagnon, Alexander C.; Felis, Thomas; Adkins, Jess F.; Asami, Ryuji; Boer, Wim; Caillon, Nicolas; Case, David H.; Cobb, Kim M.; Douville, Eric; deMenocal, Peter B.; Eisenhauer, Anton; Garbe-Schonberg, Dieter; Geibert, Walter; Goldstein, Steven L.; Hughen, Konrad A.; Inoue, Mayuri; Kawahata, Hodaka; Kolling, Martin; Cornec, Florence L.; Linsley, Braddock K.; McGregor, Helen V.; Montagna, Paolo; Nurhati, Intan S.; Quinn, Terrence M.; Raddatz, Jacek; Rebaubier, Helene; Robinson, Laura F.; Sadekov, Aleksey; Sherrell, Robert M.; Sinclair, Dan; Tudhope, Alexander W.; Wei, Gangjian; Wong, Henri; Wu, Henry C.; You, Chen-Feng (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-09-23)
      The Sr/Ca ratio of coral aragonite is used to reconstruct past sea surface temperature (SST). Twenty-one laboratories took part in an interlaboratory study of coral Sr/Ca measurements. Results show interlaboratory bias can ...
    • An interlaboratory study of TEX86 and BIT analysis of sediments, extracts, and standard mixtures 

      Schouten, Stefan; Hopmans, Ellen C.; Rosell-Mele, Antoni; Pearson, Ann; Adam, Pierre; Bauersachs, Thorsten; Bard, Edouard; Bernasconi, Stefano M.; Bianchi, Thomas S.; Brocks, Jochen J.; Carlson, Laura Truxal; Castaneda, Isla S.; Derenne, Sylvie; Selver, Ayca Dogrul; Dutta, Koushik; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Fosse, Celine; Galy, Valier; Grice, Kliti; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe; Huang, Yongsong; Huguet, Arnaud; Huguet, Carme; Hurley, Sarah; Ingalls, Anitra; Jia, Guodong; Keely, Brendan; Knappy, Chris; Kondo, Miyuki; Krishnan, Srinath; Lincoln, Sara; Lipp, Julius; Mangelsdorf, Kai; Martínez-Garcia, Alfredo; Menot, Guillemette; Mets, Anchelique; Mollenhauer, Gesine; Ohkouchi, Naohiko; Ossebaar, Jort; Pagani, Mark; Pancost, Richard D.; Pearson, Emma J.; Peterse, Francien; Reichart, Gert-Jan; Schaeffer, Philippe; Schmitt, Gaby; Schwark, Lorenz; Shah, Sunita R.; Smith, Richard W.; Smittenberg, Rienk H.; Summons, Roger E.; Takano, Yoshinori; Talbot, Helen M.; Taylor, Kyle W. R.; Tarozo, Rafael; Uchida, Masao; van Dongen, Bart E.; Van Mooy, Benjamin A. S.; Wang, Jinxiang; Warren, Courtney; Weijers, Johan W. H.; Werne, Josef P.; Woltering, Martijn; Xie, Shucheng; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Yang, Huan; Zhang, Chuanlun L.; Zhang, Yige; Zhao, Meixun; Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-12-20)
      Two commonly used proxies based on the distribution of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) are the TEX86 (TetraEther indeX of 86 carbon atoms) paleothermometer for sea surface temperature reconstructions and the ...
    • An interlaboratory study of TEX86 and BIT analysis using high-performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry 

      Schouten, Stefan; Hopmans, Ellen C.; van der Meer, Jaap; Mets, Anchelique; Bard, Edouard; Bianchi, Thomas S.; Diefendorf, Aaron; Escala, Marina; Freeman, Katharine H.; Furukawa, Yoshihiro; Huguet, Carme; Ingalls, Anitra; Menot-Combes, Guillemette; Nederbragt, Alexandra J.; Oba, Masahiro; Pearson, Ann; Pearson, Emma J.; Rosell-Mele, Antoni; Schaeffer, Philippe; Shah, Sunita R.; Shanahan, Timothy M.; Smith, Richard W.; Smittenberg, Rienk; Talbot, Helen M.; Uchida, Masao; Van Mooy, Benjamin A. S.; Yamamoto, Masanobu; Zhang, Zhaohui; Sinninghe Damste, Jaap S. (American Geophysical Union, 2009-03-20)
      Recently, two new proxies based on the distribution of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) were proposed, i.e., the TEX86 proxy for sea surface temperature reconstructions and the BIT index for reconstructing ...
    • Intermediate to felsic middle crust in the accreted Talkeetna arc, the Alaska Peninsula and Kodiak Island, Alaska : an analogue for low-velocity middle crust in modern arcs 

      Rioux, Matthew; Mattinson, James; Hacker, Bradley R.; Kelemen, Peter B.; Blusztajn, Jerzy S.; Hanghoj, Karen; Gehrels, George (American Geophysical Union, 2010-05-08)
      Seismic profiles of several modern arcs have identified thick, low-velocity midcrustal layers (Vp = 6.0–6.5 km/s) that are interpreted to represent intermediate to felsic plutonic crust. The presence of this silicic crust ...