Now showing items 344-363 of 7061

  • Arctic Ocean basin liquid freshwater storage trend 1992–2012 

    Rabe, Benjamin; Karcher, Michael; Kauker, Frank; Schauer, Ursula; Toole, John M.; Krishfield, Richard A.; Pisarev, Sergey; Kikuchi, Takashi; Su, J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-02-12)
    Freshwater in the Arctic Ocean plays an important role in the regional ocean circulation, sea ice, and global climate. From salinity observed by a variety of platforms, we are able, for the first time, to estimate a ...
  • Arctic Ocean circulation in an idealized numerical model 

    Sugimura, Peter Joseph (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2008-09)
    The mid-to-deep Arctic Ocean is generally characterized by a cyclonic circulation, contained along shelves and ridges. Here we analyze the general Arctic circulation using an idealized numerical model consisting of a ...
  • Arctic Ocean warming contributes to reduced polar ice cap 

    Polyakov, Igor V.; Timokhov, Leonid A.; Alexeev, Vladimir A.; Bacon, Sheldon; Dmitrenko, Igor A.; Fortier, Louis; Frolov, Ivan E.; Gascard, Jean-Claude; Hansen, Edmond; Ivanov, Vladimir V.; Laxon, Seymour W.; Mauritzen, Cecilie; Perovich, Donald K.; Shimada, Koji; Simmons, Harper L.; Sokolov, Vladimir T.; Steele, Michael; Toole, John M. (American Meteorological Society, 2010-12)
    Analysis of modern and historical observations demonstrates that the temperature of the intermediate-depth (150–900 m) Atlantic water (AW) of the Arctic Ocean has increased in recent decades. The AW warming has been uneven ...
  • Arctic remote autonomous measurement platform post CEAREX engineering report 

    Peal, Kenneth R. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1990-11)
    A series of instrumented Arctic buoys has been developed which is designed to be deployed in pack ice to measure and record data from meteorological and ocean sensors as well as from an accelerometer package inside the ...
  • Arc–continent collision and the formation of continental crust : a new geochemical and isotopic record from the Ordovician Tyrone Igneous Complex, Ireland 

    Draut, Amy E.; Clift, Peter D.; Amato, Jeffrey M.; Blusztajn, Jerzy S.; Schouten, Hans A. (2008-06-23)
    Collisions between oceanic island-arc terranes and passive continental margins are thought to have been important in the formation of continental crust throughout much of Earth’s history. Magmatic evolution during this ...
  • Are any coastal internal tides predictable? 

    Nash, Jonathan D.; Shroyer, Emily L.; Kelly, Samuel M.; Inall, Mark E.; Duda, Timothy F.; Levine, Murray D.; Jones, Nicole L.; Musgrave, Ruth C. (The Oceanography Society, 2012-06)
    Surface tides are the heartbeat of the ocean. Because they are controlled by Earth's motion relative to other astronomical objects in our solar system, surface tides act like clockwork and generate highly deterministic ebb ...
  • Are deep-ocean-generated surface-wave microseisms observed on land? 

    Bromirski, Peter D.; Stephen, Ralph A.; Gerstoft, Peter (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-07-25)
    Recent studies attribute land double-frequency (DF) microseism observations to deep water generation. Here we show that near-coastal generation is generally the dominant source region. This determination is based on ...
  • Are marine protected areas a red herring or fisheries panacea? 

    Kaiser, Michel J. (National Research Council Canada, 2005-05-31)
    Chronic failures in marine fisheries management have led some to suggest that marine protected areas (MPAs) are the solution to achieve sustainable fisheries. While such systems work for certain habitat-specific and nonmobile ...
  • Are open access journals the answer to high publisher costs? 

    Berteaux, Susan S. (IAMSLIC, 2005)
  • Are there eco-metrics for fisheries? 

    Steele, John H. (2005-11-03)
    Ecosystem based management of marine resources is a worthy ideal. At present, however, the science is unable to measure and relate the fundamental concepts of diversity, productivity and resilience required for management ...
  • Area selection for diamonds using magnetotellurics : examples from southern Africa 

    Jones, Alan G.; Evans, Rob L.; Muller, Mark R.; Hamilton, Mark P.; Miensopust, Marion P.; Garcia, Xavier; Cole, Patrick; Ngwisanyi, Tiyapo; Hutchins, David; Fourie, C. J. S.; Jelsma, Hielke; Aravanis, Theo; Pettit, Wayne; Webb, Susan J.; Webb, Jan; Collins, Louise; Hogg, Colin; Horan, Clare; Spratt, Jessica; Wallace, Gerry; Chave, Alan D.; Cole, Janine; Stettler, Raimund; Tshoso, G.; Mountford, Andy; Cunion, Ed; Khoza, T. David; Share, Pieter-Ewald; SAMTEX Team (2009-06-05)
    Southern Africa, particularly the Kaapvaal Craton, is one of the world’s best natural laboratories for studying the lithospheric mantle given the wealth of xenolith and seismic data that exist for it. The Southern African ...
  • Argo array observation of ocean heat content changes induced by tropical cyclones in the north Pacific 

    Park, Jong Jin; Kwon, Young-Oh; Price, James F. (American Geophysical Union, 2011-12-16)
    In situ observations from the autonomous Argo float array are used to assess the basin-averaged ocean heat content change driven by tropical cyclones (TCs) in the North Pacific for 2000–2008. A new statistical approach ...
  • Argo Development Program : final report 

    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-06)
    The purpose of the contract was to develop and place into operational status a new, combined research/inspection unmanned vehicle system called ARGO/JASON. ARGO is a high altitude search and survey vehicle for use in deep ...
  • The Argo Program : observing the global ocean with profiling floats 

    Roemmich, Dean; Johnson, Gregory C.; Riser, Stephen C.; Davis, Russ E.; Gilson, John; Owens, W. Brechner; Garzoli, Silvia L.; Schmid, Claudia; Ignaszewski, Mark (Oceanography Society, 2009-06)
    The Argo Program has created the first global array for observing the subsurface ocean. Argo arose from a compelling scientific need for climate-relevant ocean data; it was made possible by technology development and ...
  • Argon and the pathophysiology of pulmonary oxygen toxicity 

    Shanklin, D. Radford (2011-05-23)
    Molecular interaction can be determined from biological experiments. In the case of dynamics at the atmosphere-lung interface the physicochemical and atomic attributes of inhalant gases has significant biological and ...
  • Aridification of the Indian subcontinent during the Holocene : implications for landscape evolution, sedimentation, carbon cycle, and human civilizations 

    Ponton, Camilo (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2012-06)
    The Indian monsoon affects the livelihood of over one billion people. Despite the importance of climate to society, knowledge of long-term monsoon variability is limited. This thesis provides Holocene records of monsoon ...
  • Arp2/3 complex inhibition radically alters lamellipodial actin architecture, suspended cell shape, and the cell spreading process 

    Henson, John H.; Yeterian, Mesrob; Weeks, Richard M.; Medrano, Angela E.; Brown, Briana L.; Geist, Heather L.; Pais, Mollyann D.; Oldenbourg, Rudolf; Shuster, Charles B. (American Society for Cell Biology, 2015-01-07)
    Recent studies have investigated the dendritic actin cytoskeleton of the cell edge's lamellipodial (LP) region by experimentally decreasing the activity of the actin filament nucleator and branch former, the Arp2/3 complex. ...