Now showing items 2177-2196 of 7453

  • Erratum to “Deep ocean nutrients during the Last Glacial Maximum deduced from sponge silicon isotopic compositions” [Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 292 (2010) 290–300] 

    Hendry, Katharine R.; Georg, R. Bastian; Rickaby, Rosalind E. M.; Robinson, Laura F.; Halliday, Alex N. (2010-12)
    The relative importance of biological and physical processes within the Southern Ocean for the storage of carbon and atmospheric pCO2 on glacial-interglacial timescales remains uncertain. Understanding the impact of surface ...
  • Error and uncertainty in estimates of Reynolds stress using ADCP in an energetic ocean state 

    Rapo, Mark A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2006-02)
    The challenge of estimating the Reynolds stress in an energetic ocean environment derives from the turbulence process overlapping in frequency, or in wavenumber, with the wave process. It was surmised that they would not ...
  • Eruption of a deep-sea mud volcano triggers rapid sediment movement 

    Feseker, Tomas; Boetius, Antje; Wenzhofer, Frank; Blandin, Jerome; Olu, Karine; Yoerger, Dana R.; Camilli, Richard; German, Christopher R.; de Beer, Dirk (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-11-11)
    Submarine mud volcanoes are important sources of methane to the water column. However, the temporal variability of their mud and methane emissions is unknown. Methane emissions were previously proposed to result from a ...
  • Eruptions at Lone Star Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, USA: 1. Energetics and eruption dynamics 

    Karlstrom, Leif; Hurwitz, Shaul; Sohn, Robert A.; Vandemeulebrouck, Jean; Murphy, Fred; Rudolph, Maxwell L.; Johnston, Malcolm J. S.; Manga, Michael; McCleskey, R. Blaine (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-08-13)
    Geysers provide a natural laboratory to study multiphase eruptive processes. We present results from a 4 day experiment at Lone Star Geyser in Yellowstone National Park, USA. We simultaneously measured water discharge, ...
  • Eruptions at Lone Star geyser, Yellowstone National Park, USA: 2. Constraints on subsurface dynamics 

    Vandemeulebrouck, Jean; Sohn, Robert A.; Rudolph, Maxwell L.; Hurwitz, Shaul; Manga, Michael; Johnston, Malcolm J. S.; Soule, Samuel A.; McPhee, Darcy; Glen, Jonathan M. G.; Karlstrom, Leif; Murphy, Fred (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-12-05)
    We use seismic, tilt, lidar, thermal, and gravity data from 32 consecutive eruption cycles of Lone Star geyser in Yellowstone National Park to identify key subsurface processes throughout the geyser's eruption cycle. ...
  • Eruptive modes and hiatus of volcanism at West Mata seamount, NE Lau basin : 1996–2012 

    Embley, Robert W.; Merle, Susan G.; Baker, Edward T.; Rubin, Kenneth H.; Lupton, John E.; Resing, Joseph A.; Dziak, Robert P.; Lilley, Marvin D.; Chadwick, William W.; Shank, Timothy M.; Greene, Ronald; Walker, Sharon L.; Haxel, Joseph H.; Olson, Eric J.; Baumberger, Tamara (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-10-31)
    We present multiple lines of evidence for years to decade-long changes in the location and character of volcanic activity at West Mata seamount in the NE Lau basin over a 16 year period, and a hiatus in summit eruptions ...
  • The escape of veligers from the egg capsules of Nassarius obsoletus and Nassarius trivittatus (gastropoda, prosobranchia) 

    Pechenik, Jan A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1975-06)
    Many species of prosobranch gastropod deposit their eggs in tough capsules affixed to hard substrates. Generally, there is a small opening near the top of such capsules, occluded by a firm plug (operculum) which must ...
  • Escherichia coli K-12 : a cooperatively developed annotation snapshot—2005 

    Riley, Monica; Abe, Takashi; Arnaud, Martha B.; Berlyn, Mary K. B.; Blattner, Frederick R.; Chaudhuri, Roy R.; Glasner, Jeremy D.; Horiuchi, Takashi; Keseler, Ingrid M.; Kosuge, Takehide; Mori, Hirotada; Perna, Nicole T.; Plunkett, Guy; Rudd, Kenneth E.; Serres, Margrethe H.; Thomas, Gavin H.; Thomson, Nicholas R.; Wishart, David; Wanner, Barry L. (Oxford University Press, 2006-01-05)
    The goal of this group project has been to coordinate and bring up-to-date information on all genes of Escherichia coli K-12. Annotation of the genome of an organism entails identification of genes, the boundaries of genes ...
  • ESOM I and II final report 

    Bocconcelli, Alessandro; Berteaux, Henri O.; Frye, Daniel E.; Prindle, Bryce (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-11)
    An Engineering Surface Oceanographic Mooring (ESOM) program was initiated in 1989 by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for the purpose of evaluating the long term, in situ performance of new moored array materials ...
  • Essays in philosophical biology 

    Hulburt, Edward M. (2005-02-23)
    Philosophical biology, one might venture to assert, is an effort to delve as deeply as possible into the underpinnings of biological structure. Consequently the effort will be, first, to understand how continuity can be ...
  • Estimate of eddy energy generation/dissipation rate in the world ocean from altimetry data 

    Xu, Chi; Shang, Xiao-Dong; Huang, Rui Xin (2011-02)
    Assuming eddy kinetic energy is equally partitioned between the barotropic mode and the first baroclinic mode and using the weekly TOPEX/ERS merged data for the period of 1993~2007, the mean eddy kinetic energy and eddy ...
  • Estimate of heat flux and its temporal variation at the TAG hydrothermal mound, Mid-Atlantic Ridge 26°N 

    Goto, Shusaku; Kinoshita, Masataka; Schultz, Adam; von Herzen, Richard P. (American Geophysical Union, 2003-09-17)
    From August 1994 to March 1995, three 50-m-high vertical thermistor arrays designated “Giant Kelps” (GKs) were deployed around the central black smoker complex (CBC) at the TAG hydrothermal mound, Mid-Atlantic Ridge ...
  • Estimate of the bottom compressional wave speed profile in the northeastern South China Sea using "Sources of Opportunity" 

    Lin, Ying-Tsong; Lynch, James F.; Chotiros, Nick; Chen, Chi-Fang; Newhall, Arthur E.; Turgut, Altan; Schock, Steven G.; Chiu, Ching-Sang; Bartek, Louis R.; Liu, Char-Shine (IEEE, 2004-10)
    The inversion of a broad-band "source of opportunity" signal for bottom geoacoustic parameters in the northeastern South China Sea (SCS) is presented, which supplements the towed source and chirp sonar bottom inversions ...
  • An estimate of the cross-frontal transport at the shelf break of the East China Sea with the Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model 

    Isobe, Atsuhiko; Beardsley, Robert C. (American Geophysical Union, 2006-03-23)
    The Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) is used to estimate the onshore cross-frontal transport at the shelf break of the East China Sea. Boundary conditions of FVCOM are provided by the Princeton Ocean Model simulating ...
  • An estimate of the global distribution of radon emissions from the ocean 

    Schery, S. D.; Huang, S. (American Geophysical Union, 2004-10-07)
    There is a need for improved estimates of the radon (222Rn) flux density from the ocean for use in the modeling and interpretation of atmospheric radon in global climate and air pollution studies. We use a modification of ...
  • Estimated annual economic impacts from harmful algal blooms (HABs) in the United States 

    Anderson, Donald M.; Hoagland, Porter; Kaoru, Yoshi; White, Alan W. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2000-09)
    Blooms of toxic or harmful microalgae, commonly called "red tides," represent a significant and expanding threat to human health and fisheries resources throughout the United States and the world. Ecological, aesthetic, ...
  • Estimated communication range and energetic cost of bottlenose dolphin whistles in a tropical habitat 

    Jensen, Frants H.; Beedholm, Kristian; Wahlberg, Magnus; Bejder, Lars; Madsen, Peter T. (Acoustical Society of America, 2012-01)
    Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) depend on frequency-modulated whistles for many aspects of their social behavior, including group cohesion and recognition of familiar individuals. Vocalization amplitude and frequency ...
  • Estimated tissue and blood N2 levels and risk of decompression sickness in deep-, intermediate-, and shallow-diving toothed whales during exposure to naval sonar 

    Kvadsheim, P. H.; Miller, Patrick J. O.; Tyack, Peter L.; Sivle, L. D.; Lam, F. P. A.; Fahlman, Andreas (Frontiers Media, 2012-05-10)
    Naval sonar has been accused of causing whale stranding by a mechanism which increases formation of tissue N2 gas bubbles. Increased tissue and blood N2 levels, and thereby increased risk of decompression sickness (DCS), ...
  • Estimates of cabbeling in the global ocean 

    Schanze, Julian J.; Schmitt, Raymond W. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-04)
    Owing to the larger thermal expansion coefficient at higher temperatures, more buoyancy is put into the ocean by heating than is removed by cooling at low temperatures. The authors show that, even with globally balanced ...
  • Estimates of crustal transmission losses using MLM array processing 

    Scheer, Edward K. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1982-05)
    Seismic refraction experiments have been used extensively in the past thirty five years in investigations of the structure of the oceanic crust. The longer range of the refraction or wide angle reflection technique, on ...