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dc.contributor.authorOrsi, William D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCoolen, Marco J. L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWuchter, Cornelia  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHe, Lijun  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMore, Kuldeep D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorIrigoien, Xabier  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorChust, Guillem  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Carl G.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHemingway, Jordon D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLee, Mitchell  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGaly, Valier  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGiosan, Liviu  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-12T15:06:17Z
dc.date.available2017-09-12T15:06:17Z
dc.date.issued2017-07-20
dc.identifier.citationScientific Reports 7 (2017): 6040en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/9218
dc.description© The Author(s), 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Scientific Reports 7 (2017): 6040, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-05590-9.en_US
dc.description.abstractSelection of microorganisms in marine sediment is shaped by energy-yielding electron acceptors for respiration that are depleted in vertical succession. However, some taxa have been reported to reflect past depositional conditions suggesting they have experienced weak selection after burial. In sediments underlying the Arabian Sea oxygen minimum zone (OMZ), we performed the first metagenomic profiling of sedimentary DNA at centennial-scale resolution in the context of a multi-proxy paleoclimate reconstruction. While vertical distributions of sulfate reducing bacteria and methanogens indicate energy-based selection typical of anoxic marine sediments, 5–15% of taxa per sample exhibit depth-independent stratigraphies indicative of paleoenvironmental selection over relatively short geological timescales. Despite being vertically separated, indicator taxa deposited under OMZ conditions were more similar to one another than those deposited in bioturbated intervals under intervening higher oxygen. The genomic potential for denitrification also correlated with palaeo-OMZ proxies, independent of sediment depth and available nitrate and nitrite. However, metagenomes revealed mixed acid and Entner-Dourdoroff fermentation pathways encoded by many of the same denitrifier groups. Fermentation thus may explain the subsistence of these facultatively anaerobic microbes whose stratigraphy follows changing paleoceanographic conditions. At least for certain taxa, our analysis provides evidence of their paleoenvironmental selection over the last glacial-interglacial cycle.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshiphis work was primarily supported by NSF MGG Grant #1357017 to MJLC, VG, and LG, and the KAUST-WHOI Special Academic Partnership Program OCRF-SP-WHOI-2013 (grants 7000000463 to XI and 7000000464 to MJLC). Additional financial support was provided via a C-DEBI grant #OCE-0939564 to WDO.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-05590-9
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/*
dc.titleClimate oscillations reflected within the microbiome of Arabian Sea sedimentsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-017-05590-9


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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International