Swimming kinematics and efficiency of entangled North Atlantic right whales
van der Hoop, Julie
Nowacek, Douglas P.
Moore, Michael J.
Triantafyllou, Michael S.
MetadataShow full item record
Marine mammals are streamlined for efficient movement in their relatively viscous fluid environment and are able to alter their kinematics (i.e. fluke stroke frequency, amplitude, or both) in response to changes in force balance. Entanglement in fishing gear adds significant drag and buoyant forces that can impact swimming behaviors across a range of timescales. We deployed biologging tags during the disentanglement of 2 North Atlantic right whales Eubalaena glacialis to (1) examine how their kinematics changed in response to drag and buoyancy from entanglement in fishing gear, and (2) calculate resultant changes in swimming efficiency for one individual. We observed variable responses in dive behavior, but neither whale appeared to exploit added buoyancy to reduce energy expenditure. While some of the observed changes in behavior were individually specific, some swimming kinematics were consistently modulated in response to high drag and buoyancy associated with entangling gear, affecting thrust production. In high drag and buoyancy conditions, fluke strokes were significantly shorter and more variable in shape, and gliding was less frequent. Thrust and efficiency significantly differed among dive phases. Disentanglement reduced thrust coefficients ~4-fold, leading to 1.2 to 1.8-fold lower power (W). Ideal propulsive efficiency was significantly lower when entangled, though we detected no difference in observed propulsive efficiency between the conditions. Similar to carrying heavy objects or changing shoes, we present another condition where animals perceive unique movement constraints over seconds to minutes and develop compensatory strategies, altering their movement accordingly.
© The Author(s), 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Endangered Species Research 32 (2017): 1-17, doi:10.3354/esr00781.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Quantity, composition, and source of sediment collected in sediment traps along the fringing coral reef off Molokai, Hawaii Bothner, Michael H.; Reynolds, Richard L.; Casso, Michael A.; Storlazzi, Curt D.; Field, Michael E. (Elsevier B.V., 2006-03-20)Sediment traps were used to evaluate the frequency, cause, and relative intensity of sediment mobility/resuspension along the fringing coral reef off southern Molokai (February 2000–May 2002). Two storms with high rainfall, ...
Live-cell imaging RNAi screen identifies PP2A–B55α and importin-β1 as key mitotic exit regulators in human cells Schmitz, Michael H. A.; Held, Michael; Janssens, Veerle; Hutchins, James R. A.; Hudecz, Otto; Ivanova, Elitsa; Goris, Jozef; Trinkle-Mulcahy, Laura; Lamond, Angus I.; Poser, Ina; Hyman, Anthony A.; Mechtler, Karl; Peters, Jan-Michael; Gerlich, Daniel W. (2010-07)When vertebrate cells exit mitosis, they reorganize various cellular structures to build functional interphase cells1. This depends on Cdk1 inactivation and subsequent dephosphorylation of its substrates2-4. Members of ...
Murawski, Steven A.; Steele, John H.; Taylor, Phillip; Fogarty, Michael J.; Sissenwine, Michael P.; Ford, Michael; Suchman, Cynthia (Oxford University Press, 2009-08-30)Effective marine ecosystem-based management (EBM) requires understanding the key processes and relationships controlling the aspects of biodiversity, productivity, and resilience to perturbations. Unfortunately, the scales, ...