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dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Ross H.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMcGee, David  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKinsley, Christopher W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRidley, David A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHu, Shineng  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFedorov, Alexey  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTal, Irit  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Richard W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authordeMenocal, Peter B.  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationScience Advances 2 (2016): e1600445en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Science Advances 2 (2016): e1600445, doi:10.1126/sciadv.1600445.en_US
dc.description.abstractSaharan mineral dust exported over the tropical North Atlantic is thought to have significant impacts on regional climate and ecosystems, but limited data exist documenting past changes in long-range dust transport. This data gap limits investigations of the role of Saharan dust in past climate change, in particular during the mid-Holocene, when climate models consistently underestimate the intensification of the West African monsoon documented by paleorecords. We present reconstructions of African dust deposition in sediments from the Bahamas and the tropical North Atlantic spanning the last 23,000 years. Both sites show early and mid-Holocene dust fluxes 40 to 50% lower than recent values and maximum dust fluxes during the deglaciation, demonstrating agreement with records from the northwest African margin. These quantitative estimates of trans-Atlantic dust transport offer important constraints on past changes in dust-related radiative and biogeochemical impacts. Using idealized climate model experiments to investigate the response to reductions in Saharan dust’s radiative forcing over the tropical North Atlantic, we find that small (0.15°C) dust-related increases in regional sea surface temperatures are sufficient to cause significant northward shifts in the Atlantic Intertropical Convergence Zone, increased precipitation in the western Sahel and Sahara, and reductions in easterly and northeasterly winds over dust source regions. Our results suggest that the amplifying feedback of dust on sea surface temperatures and regional climate may be significant and that accurate simulation of dust’s radiative effects is likely essential to improving model representations of past and future precipitation variations in North Africa.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was supported, in part, by NSF awards OCE-1030784 (to D.M. and P.B.d.) and OCE-09277247 (to P.B.d.); NASA grant NN14AP38G (to C. Heald, Massachusetts Institute of Technology), which supports D.A.R.; and the Columbia University Center for Climate and Life. A.F. is supported by the NSF grant AGS-1116885 and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) grant NA14OAR4310277. S.H. is supported by the NASA Earth and Space Sciences Fellowship. We also acknowledge computational support from the NSF/NCAR Yellowstone Supercomputing Center and the Yale University High Performance Computing Center.en_US
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Scienceen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International*
dc.subjectMineral dusten_US
dc.subjectNorth Africaen_US
dc.subjectAfrican Humid Perioden_US
dc.titleGlacial to Holocene changes in trans-Atlantic Saharan dust transport and dust-climate feedbacksen_US

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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International