The Global Marine Animal Stranding Toolkit is an ever-evolving, collaborative project that aims to provide widespread access to best practices and protocols in stranding response and investigation. Our initial focus is on marine mammals, but with time, we plan to expand to other species.

As response to marine mammal strandings develops on a more global scale, many professionals in the fields of conservation, marine mammal research, marine mammal health, and stranding response have recognized an inconsistent approach to the rescue and investigation of stranded cetaceans (dolphins, porpoises, and whales) and pinnipeds (seals and sea lions). This toolkit is designed to be a resource for the development of new stranding response networks and growth of existing networks. By providing internationally relevant training materials, professional training opportunities, and a comprehensive curriculum that addresses everything from volunteer recruitment and sustainable funding sources to specific data collection protocols, the GMAST team hopes to address the two main difficulties identified in previous stranding network trainings:

  • Lack of standardized training resources and protocols, resulting in varying success and inconsistent data collection.
  • Lack of follow through after initial trainings, resulting in a failure of networks to reach their full potential and meet the needs of the region.

The idea for a universally applicable marine mammal stranding response toolkit resulted from a series of discussions and engagements between scientists, veterinary professionals, and stranding responders with previous training experience from multiple international institutions led by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW).

After identifying the recurring issues noted above, the team recognized that as a result, the care of live stranded animals was not always reaching the quality desires, nor was the data collection completed consistently enough to afford broader scale analyses among the groups. Additionally, many of the individuals and even groups that received training were unable to consistently continue with marine mammal stranding response.

Having established best practices enables training to be consistent and targeted to audience background, skill, and regional context. A standardized toolkit allows the marine mammal health and stranding response community to connect and share information about lessons learned. Also, a globally networked stranding response community facilitates consultation with experts about species identification, new tools and techniques, as well as sharing of alerts about new or rare marine mammal species or disease outbreak in a region. Importantly, a connected community can aid in prioritizing resource investments in specific regions that require training, capacity building, and enhanced species conservation.

The toolkit is based on a “train the trainer” model, with the goal being to train key players in local and regional networks, who can then train multiple teams for “on the ground” response. This helps in building local capacity and expertise. Some basic concepts are provided for the general user interested in seeking training or information. Trainer registration is required to access specific modules. Materials will be used for training efforts by NMFS, IFAW, and The Marine Mammal Center (TMMC) and will be made freely available to other trainers upon request. The key element for implementation is in-person, hands-on training for participants. Once trained, local network members (trainers) will have access to all materials via the website. Registration is provided when individuals receive their in-person training.

The current toolkit is focused on marine mammal, specifically cetacean and pinniped, stranding response for core responders. In the future, these topics and training modules will be further developed in Intermediate and Advanced levels for the future growth and increased capacity of all participating networks. Once the basic level materials are complete and the website is fully functional, implementation and evaluation can begin. The core team involved in the design and development of the training modules included: Mridula Srinivasan and Sarah Wilkin (NMFS), Katie Moore and Brian Sharp (IFAW), Claire Simeone (NMFS and TMMC), and Michael Moore (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution – WHOI). Expert guidance was provided by Teri Rowles (NMFS) and Frances Gulland (TMMC). Initial discussions and insights for toolkit development involved participants from Brazil, Spain, Chile, Argentina, the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, and South Africa. Individual training modules were reviewed by cetacean and pinniped experts from Indonesia, the United Kingdom, Australia, and the United States.

The ultimate purpose of this toolkit is increase coordination in the marine animal stranding response community internationally. The toolkit is a work in progress. Based on feedback from trainers and users, training resources and content will be continually refined to disseminate information more effectively.

For more information or feedback on any of the materials presented, please contact Mridula Srinivasan (mridula.srinivasan@noaa.gov) or Katie Moore (katie.moore@noaa.gov), or visit Global Marine Animal Stranding Training.

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  • Marine Mammal Mass Strandings 

    Moore, Katie; Srinivasan, Mridula; Simeone, Claire; Sharp, Brian; Moore, Michael J. (2017-03-28)
    The folder provides additional reference materials and resources about dealing with marine mammal mass strandings.
  • Stranding Response Reference Materials 

    Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Michael J.; Moore, Katie; Simeone, Claire; Wilkin, Sarah; Sharp, Brian (2015)
    This folder provides reference materials for training and educational use only related to marine mammal stranding and entanglement response.
  • Marine Mammal Human Interactions Resources 

    Moore, Katie; Simeone, Claire; Wilkin, Sarah; Moore, Michael J.; Sharp, Brian; Srinivasan, Mridula (2017-03-15)
    This folder provides additional resources about understanding types and effects of human interactions (e.g., from ship strikes, entanglement in fisheries gear) on marine mammals.
  • Sample storage and transport 

    Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Michael J.; Simeone, Claire; Wilkin, Sarah; Sharp, Brian; Moore, Katie (2017-03-15)
    This folder provides some information about USAID's sample storage and transport best practices.
  • Marine Mammal Entanglement Response 

    Moore, Michael J.; Moore, Katie; Srinivasan, Mridula; Simeone, Claire; Wilkin, Sarah; Sharp, Brian (2017-03-15)
    This folder provides additional resources on marine mammal entanglement response.
  • Euthanasia Resources 

    Simeone, Claire; Moore, Katie; Sharp, Brian; Wilkin, Sarah; Moore, Michael J.; Srinivasan, Mridula (2017-03-15)
    This folder provides a variety of informational resources on marine mammal euthanasia
  • Marine Mammal Stranding Response Introductory Resources 

    Moore, Katie; Moore, Michael J.; Simeone, Claire; Sharp, Brian; Wilkin, Sarah; Srinivasan, Mridula (2017-03-15)
    This folder contains introductory information on why stranding response activities are important for marine mammal research and conservation. Additional introductory species information for pinnipeds is also provided.
  • Cetacean Stranding Response Resources 

    Srinivasan, Mridula; Simeone, Claire; Moore, Katie; Sharp, Brian; Moore, Michael J.; Wilkin, Sarah (2017-03-15)
    The folder provides additional resources related to cetacean stranding response.
  • Pinniped Stranding Response Resources 

    Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Michael J.; Moore, Katie; Wilkin, Sarah; Sharp, Brian; Simeone, Claire (2017-03-15)
    The folder provides additional resources for pinniped stranding response training (both live and dead)
  • Stranding Response Forms 

    Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Katie; Simeone, Claire; Moore, Michael J.; Wilkin, Sarah; Sharp, Brian (2017-03-15)
    The folder provides sample stranding response forms for data collection from cetaceans and pinnipeds. Forms can be modified to suit regional purposes.
  • Live Small Cetacean Stranding Response Training 

    Moore, Katie; Sharp, Brian; Wilkin, Sarah; Moore, Michael J.; Srinivasan, Mridula (2017-03-15)
    This training module provides an overview of the basic concepts and steps for responding to stranded live small cetaceans. The training module covers topics ranging from supportive care to release. The training module is ...
  • Dead Pinniped Stranding Response Training Module 

    Simeone, Claire; Moore, Katie; Wilkin, Sarah; Sharp, Brian; Moore, Michael J.; Srinivasan, Mridula (2017-03-15)
    This training module provides an overview of the basic concepts and specific steps when responding to a dead pinniped to the new or less-experienced trainer or responder. Topics covered range from reinforcing human safety ...
  • Live Pinniped Stranding Response Training Module 

    Simeone, Claire; Wilkin, Sarah; Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Michael J.; Sharp, Brian (2017-03-15)
    This training module covers the basic concepts and steps involved in responding to live pinnipeds from human safety considerations, monitoring vital signs, to pinniped transport. This module should be started after the ...
  • Mass Marine Mammal Stranding Response 

    Moore, Katie; Moore, Michael J.; Srinivasan, Mridula; Simeone, Claire; Wilkin, Sarah; Sharp, Brian (2017-03-14)
    This is a primer on mass cetacean strandings and provides an overview of the various factors to be considered in dealing with mass-stranded animals.
  • Out of Habitat - Marine Mammal 

    Moore, Katie; Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Michael J.; Wilkin, Sarah; Simeone, Claire; Sharp, Brian (2017-03-14)
    This is a primer on factors to consider when dealing with marine mammals that are found in unexpected areas such as in river inlets.
  • Euthanasia 

    Moore, Katie; Srinivasan, Mridula; Claire, Simeone; Wilkin, Sarah; Sharp, Brian; Moore, Michael J. (2017-03-14)
    This is a primer on factors to consider if employing euthanasia for stranded animals.
  • Large Cetacean Stranding Response 

    Moore, Katie; Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Michael J.; Wilkin, Sarah; Simeone, Claire; Sharp, Brian (2017-03-14)
    The primer and supporting presentation provides an overview of responding to a large cetacean stranding. Large whale stranding response (both live and dead) can be resource intensive and challenging and therefore, expert ...
  • Capacity Building Considerations 

    Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Katie; Simeone, Claire; Wilkin, Sarah; Sharp, Brian; Moore, Michael J. (2017-03-14)
    This presentation addresses the key elements that need to be considered before conducting a stranding response training workshop.
  • Structural Elements of a Functioning Stranding Response Network 

    Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Katie; Simeone, Claire; Sharp, Brian; Wilkin, Sarah; Moore, Michael J. (2017-03-14)
    This presentation identifies key aspects of a functioning stranding response network from seeking permissions to volunteer recruitment to respond to stranding events.
  • Training Objective # 5 Photo Documentation 

    Srinivasan, Mridula; Moore, Katie; Wilkin, Sarah; Simeone, Claire; Sharp, Brian; Moore, Michael J. (2017-03-14)
    This training objectives covers the specifics of photo documentation and provides guidance on how and what photos to take during a stranding event.

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