Association of cesarean delivery and formula supplementation with the intestinal microbiome of 6-week-old infants
Madan, Juliette C.
Hoen, Anne G.
Lundgren, Sara N.
Farzan, Shohreh F.
Cottingham, Kathryn L.
Morrison, Hilary G.
Sogin, Mitchell L.
Moore, Jason H.
Karagas, Margaret R.
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The intestinal microbiome plays a critical role in infant development, and delivery mode and feeding method (breast milk vs formula) are determinants of its composition. However, the importance of delivery mode beyond the first days of life is unknown, and studies of associations between infant feeding and microbiome composition have been generally limited to comparisons between exclusively breastfed and formula-fed infants, with little consideration given to combination feeding of both breast milk and formula.
Author Posting. © American Medical Association, 2016. This article is posted here by permission of American Medical Association for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in JAMA Pediatrics 170 (2016): 212-219, doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.3732.
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