Nitrogen cycling in the secondary nitrite maximum of the eastern tropical North Pacific off Costa Rica
Santoro, Alyson E.
Stanley, Rachel H. R.
Casciotti, Karen L.
MetadataShow full item record
Nitrite is a central intermediate in the marine nitrogen cycle and represents a critical juncture where nitrogen can be reduced to the less bioavailable N2 gas or oxidized to nitrate and retained in a more bioavailable form. We present an analysis of rates of microbial nitrogen transformations in the oxygen deficient zone (ODZ) within the eastern tropical North Pacific Ocean (ETNP). We determined rates using a novel one-dimensional model using the distribution of nitrite and nitrate concentrations, along with their natural abundance nitrogen (N) and oxygen (O) isotope profiles. We predict rate profiles for nitrate reduction, nitrite reduction, and nitrite oxidation throughout the ODZ, as well as the contributions of anammox to nitrite reduction and nitrite oxidation. Nitrate reduction occurs at a maximum rate of 25 nM d−1 at the top of the ODZ, at the same depth as the maximum rate of nitrite reduction, 15 nM d−1. Nitrite oxidation occurs at maximum rates of 10 nM d−1 above the secondary nitrite maximum, but also in the secondary nitrite maximum, within the ODZ. Anammox contributes to nitrite oxidation within the ODZ but cannot account for all of it. Nitrite oxidation within the ODZ that is not through anammox is also supported by microbial gene abundance profiles. Our results suggest the presence of nitrite oxidation within the ETNP ODZ, with implications for the distribution and physiology of marine nitrite-oxidizing bacteria, and for total nitrogen loss in the largest marine ODZ.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2015. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Global Biogeochemical Cycles 29 (2015): 2061–2081, doi:10.1002/2015GB005187.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Buchwald, Carolyn (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-02)The stable isotopes, δ15N and δ18O, of nitrite and nitrate can be powerful tools used to interpret nitrogen cycling in the ocean. In order to interpret isotope profiles, the isotope systematics of each process involved ...
Casciotti, Karen L. (2008-12-29)Natural abundance stable isotopes in nitrate (NO3-), nitrite (NO2-), and nitrous oxide (N2O) have been used to better understand the cycling of nitrogen in marine and terrestrial environments. However, in order to extract ...
The influence of light on nitrogen cycling and the primary nitrite maximum in a seasonally stratified sea Mackey, Katherine R. M.; Bristow, Laura; Parks, David R.; Altabet, Mark A.; Post, Anton F.; Paytan, Adina (2011-07-08)In the seasonally stratified Gulf of Aqaba Red Sea, both NO2- release by phytoplankton and NH4+ oxidation by nitrifying microbes contributed to the formation of a primary nitrite maximum (PNM) over different seasons and ...