A new Holocene eruptive history of Erebus volcano, Antarctica using cosmogenic 3He and 36Cl exposure ages
Parmelee, David E. F.
Kyle, Philip R.
Kurz, Mark D.
Marrero, Shasta M.
Phillips, Fred M.
MetadataShow full item record
The ages of recent effusive eruptions on Erebus volcano, Antarctica are poorly known. Published 40Ar/39Ar ages of the 10 youngest “post-caldera” lava flows are unreliable because of the young ages of the flows (<10 ka) and the presence of excess 40Ar. Here we use cosmogenic 3He and 36Cl to provide new ages for the 10 youngest flows and 3 older summit flows, including a newly recognized flow distinguished by its exposure age. Estimated eruption ages of the post-caldera flows, assuming no erosion or prior snow cover, range from 4.52 ± 0.08 ka to 8.50 ± 0.19 ka, using Lifton et al. (2014) to scale cosmogenic production rates. If the older Lal (1991)/Stone (2000) model is used to scale production rates, calculated ages are older by 16–25%. Helium-3 and chlorine-36 exposure ages measured on the same samples show excellent agreement. Helium-3 ages measured on clinopyroxene and olivine from the same samples are discordant, probably due in part to lower-than-expected 3He production rates in the Fe-rich olivine. Close agreement of multiple clinopyroxene 3He ages from each flow indicates that the effects of past snow coverage on the exposure ages have been minimal. The new cosmogenic ages differ considerably from published 40Ar/39Ar and 36Cl ages and reveal that the post-caldera flows were erupted during relatively brief periods of effusive activity spread over an interval of ∼4 ka. The average eruption rate over this interval is estimated to be 0.01 km3/ka. Because the last eruption was at least 4 ka ago, and the longest repose interval between the 10 youngest eruptions is ∼1 ka, we consider the most recent period of effusive activity to have ended.
© The Author(s), 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Quaternary Geochronology 30 (2015): 114–131, doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2015.09.001.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Surface exposure geochronology using cosmogenic nuclides : applications in Antarctic glacial geology Brook, Edward J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1993-09)Cosmogenic 3He, 26A1, and 10Be have been measured in a variety of Antarctic glacial deposits in the McMurdo Sound-Dry Valleys region. The goals of this project were to provide age constraints for Antarctic glacial events, ...
Cosmogenic ³²P and ³³P in the atmosphere and aligotrophic ocean and applications to the study of phosphorus cycling Waser, Nathalie A. D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-11)Cosmogeruc P-32 (14.28 days) and P-33 (25.3 days) are powerful tracers of upper ocean P cycling, when coupled with time-series of the atmospheric sources. A method was developed to determine the low-level beta activities ...
Arnulf, Adrien F.; Harding, Alistair J.; Kent, Graham M.; Carbotte, Suzanne M.; Canales, J. Pablo; Nedimovic, Mladen R. (2014-05)Most of the magma erupted at mid-ocean ridges is stored in a mid-crustal melt lens that lies at the boundary between sheeted dikes and gabbros. Nevertheless, images of the magma pathways linking this melt lens to the ...