Marine harmful algal blooms, human health and wellbeing : challenges and opportunities in the 21st century
Fleming, Lora E.
Gowen, Richard J.
Backer, Lorraine C.
Moore, Stephanie K.
Enevoldsen, Henrik O.
MetadataShow full item record
Microalgal blooms are a natural part of the seasonal cycle of photosynthetic organisms in marine ecosystems. They are key components of the structure and dynamics of the oceans and thus sustain the benefits that humans obtain from these aquatic environments. However, some microalgal blooms can cause harm to humans and other organisms. These harmful algal blooms (HABs) have direct impacts on human health and negative influences on human wellbeing, mainly through their consequences to coastal ecosystem services (valued fisheries, tourism and recreation) and other marine organisms and environments. HABs are natural phenomena, but these events can be favoured by anthropogenic pressures in coastal areas. Global warming and associated changes in the oceans could affect HAB occurrences and toxicity as well, although forecasting the possible trends is still speculative and requires intensive multidisciplinary research. At the beginning of the 21st century, with expanding human populations, particularly in coastal and developing countries, there is an urgent need to prevent and mitigate HABs’ impacts on human health and wellbeing. The available tools to address this global challenge include maintaining intensive, multidisciplinary and collaborative scientific research, and strengthening the coordination with stakeholders, policymakers and the general public. Here we provide an overview of different aspects to understand the relevance of the HABs phenomena, an important element of the intrinsic links between oceans and human health and wellbeing.
Author Posting. © Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2015. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 96 (2016): 61-91, doi:10.1017/S0025315415001733.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The globally distributed genus Alexandrium : multifaceted roles in marine ecosystems and impacts on human health Anderson, Donald M.; Alpermann, Tilman J.; Cembella, Allan D.; Collos, Yves; Masseret, Estelle; Montresor, Marina (2011-10)The dinoflagellate genus Alexandrium is one of the major harmful algal bloom (HAB) genera with respect to the diversity, magnitude and consequences of blooms. The ability of Alexandrium to colonize multiple habitats and ...
Coupled nature-human (CNH) systems : generic aspects of human interactions with blooms of Florida Red Tide (Karenia brevis) and implications for policy responses Hoagland, Porter (2013-07)Coupled nature-human (CNH) systems are now the focus of a growing number of interdisciplinary re-search programs worldwide (Liu et al. 2007a). As implied by the term “coupled,” these systems involve interactions between ...
Erdner, Deana L.; Dyble, Julianne; Parsons, Michael L.; Stevens, Richard C.; Hubbard, Katherine A.; Wrabel, Michele L.; Moore, Stephanie K.; Lefebvre, Kathi A.; Anderson, Donald M.; Bienfang, Paul; Bidigare, Robert R.; Parker, Micaela S.; Moeller, Peter D. R.; Brand, Larry E.; Trainer, Vera L. (BioMed Central, 2008-11-07)Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are one focus of the national research initiatives on Oceans and Human Health (OHH) at NIEHS, NOAA and NSF. All of the OHH Centers, from the east coast to Hawaii, include one or more research ...