Arctic circulation regimes
Dukhovskoy, Dmitry S.
Krishfield, Richard A.
Bamber, Jonathan L.
MetadataShow full item record
Between 1948 and 1996, mean annual environmental parameters in the Arctic experienced a well-pronounced decadal variability with two basic circulation patterns: cyclonic and anticyclonic alternating at 5 to 7 year intervals. During cyclonic regimes, low sea-level atmospheric pressure (SLP) dominated over the Arctic Ocean driving sea ice and the upper ocean counterclockwise; the Arctic atmosphere was relatively warm and humid, and freshwater flux from the Arctic Ocean towards the subarctic seas was intensified. By contrast, during anticylonic circulation regimes, high SLP dominated driving sea ice and the upper ocean clockwise. Meanwhile, the atmosphere was cold and dry and the freshwater flux from the Arctic to the subarctic seas was reduced. Since 1997, however, the Arctic system has been under the influence of an anticyclonic circulation regime (17 years) with a set of environmental parameters that are atypical for this regime. We discuss a hypothesis explaining the causes and mechanisms regulating the intensity and duration of Arctic circulation regimes, and speculate how changes in freshwater fluxes from the Arctic Ocean and Greenland impact environmental conditions and interrupt their decadal variability.
© The Author(s), 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 373 (2015): 20140160, doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0160.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sutherland, David A.; Roth, George E.; Hamilton, Gordon S.; Mernild, Sebastian H.; Stearns, Leigh A.; Straneo, Fiamma (John Wiley & Sons, 2014-12-11)Large, deep-keeled icebergs are ubiquitous in Greenland's outlet glacial fjords. Here we use the movement of these icebergs to quantify flow variability in Sermilik Fjord, southeast Greenland, from the ice mélange through ...
Freshwater and its role in the Arctic Marine System : sources, disposition, storage, export, and physical and biogeochemical consequences in the Arctic and global oceans Carmack, Edward C.; Yamamoto-Kawai, Michiyo; Haine, Thomas W. N.; Bacon, Sheldon; Bluhm, Bodil A.; Lique, Camille; Melling, Humfrey; Polyakov, Igor V.; Straneo, Fiamma; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Williams, William J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-03-30)The Arctic Ocean is a fundamental node in the global hydrological cycle and the ocean's thermohaline circulation. We here assess the system's key functions and processes: (1) the delivery of fresh and low-salinity waters ...
Sugimura, Peter Joseph (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2008-09)The mid-to-deep Arctic Ocean is generally characterized by a cyclonic circulation, contained along shelves and ridges. Here we analyze the general Arctic circulation using an idealized numerical model consisting of a ...