Searching for the oldest baobab of Madagascar : radiocarbon investigation of large Adansonia rubrostipa trees
von Reden, Karl F.
Pock-Tsy, Jean-Michel Leong
Patrut, Roxana T.
Lowy, Daniel A.
MetadataShow full item record
We extended our research on the architecture, growth and age of trees belonging to the genus Adansonia, by starting to investigate large individuals of the most widespread Malagasy species. Our research also intends to identify the oldest baobabs of Madagascar. Here we present results of the radiocarbon investigation of the two most representative Adansonia rubrostipa (fony baobab) specimens, which are located in south-western Madagascar, in the Tsimanampetsotse National Park. We found that the fony baobab called “Grandmother” consists of 3 perfectly fused stems of different ages. The radiocarbon date of the oldest sample was found to be 1136 ± 16 BP. We estimated that the oldest part of this tree, which is mainly hollow, has an age close to 1,600 yr. This value is comparable to the age of the oldest Adansonia digitata (African baobab) specimens. By its age, the Grandmother is a major candidate for the oldest baobab of Madagascar. The second investigated specimen, called the “polygamous baobab”, consists of 6 partially fused stems of different ages. According to dating results, this fony baobab is 1,000 yr old. This research is the first investigation of the structure and age of Malagasy baobabs.
© The Author(s), 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in PLoS One 10 (2015): e0121170, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121170.
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
African baobabs with false inner cavities : the radiocarbon investigation of the Lebombo Eco Trail Baobab Patrut, Adrian; Woodborne, Stephan; von Reden, Karl F.; Hall, Grant; Hofmeyr, Michele; Lowy, Daniel A.; Patrut, Roxana T. (Public Library of Science, 2015-01-26)The article reports the radiocarbon investigation results of the Lebombo Eco Trail tree, a representative African baobab from Mozambique. Several wood samples collected from the large inner cavity and from the outer part ...
Patrut, Adrian; Patrut, Roxana T.; Danthu, Pascal; Pock-Tsy, Jean-Michel Leong; Rakosy, Laszlo; Lowy, Daniel A.; von Reden, Karl F. (Public Library of Science, 2016-01-13)The article reports the radiocarbon investigation of Anzapalivoro, the largest za baobab (Adansonia za) specimen of Madagascar and of another za, namely the Big cistern baobab. Several wood samples collected from the large ...
Patrut, Adrian; Rakosy, Laszlo; Patrut, Roxana T.; Ratiu, Ileana; Forizs, Edit; Lowy, Daniel A.; Margineanu, Dragos; von Reden, Karl F. (Studia Chemia, 2016)The article reports the radiocarbon investigation results of the Humani Bedford baobab, an old African baobab from Savé Valley, Zimbabwe. Two wood samples were collected from the large inner cavity. Several segments were ...