Consequence of altered nitrogen cycles in the coupled human and ecological system under changing climate: the need for long-term and site-based research.
McDowell, William H.
Mitchell, Myron J.
Monteith, Don T.
Cusack, Daniela F.
MetadataShow full item record
Anthropogenically derived nitrogen (N) has a central role in global environmental changes, including climate change, biodiversity loss, air pollution, greenhouse gas emission, water pollution, as well as food production and human health. Current understanding of the biogeochemical processes that govern the N cycle in coupled human–ecological systems around the globe is drawn largely from the long-term ecological monitoring and experimental studies. Here, we review spatial and temporal patterns and trends in reactive N emissions, and the interactions between N and other important elements that dictate their delivery from terrestrial to aquatic ecosystems, and the impacts of N on biodiversity and human society. Integrated international and long-term collaborative studies covering research gaps will reduce uncertainties and promote further understanding of the nitrogen cycle in various ecosystems.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2014. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Springer for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in AMBIO 44 (2015): 178-193, doi:10.1007/s13280-014-0545-4.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Gibaud, Thomas; Barry, Edward; Zakhary, Mark J.; Henglin, Mir; Ward, Andrew; Yang, Yasheng; Berciu, Cristina; Oldenbourg, Rudolf; Hagan, Michael F.; Nicastro, Daniela; Meyer, Robert B.; Dogic, Zvonimir (2011-12-01)From determining optical properties of simple molecular crystals to establishing preferred handedness in highly complex vertebrates, molecular chirality profoundly influences the structural, mechanical, and optical properties ...
Silva, Monica A.; Brito, Cristina; Santos, Sara. V.; Barreiros, Joao Pedro (2009-10-03)The Archipelago of the Azores (Portugal) is located between 37º and 41ºN and 25º and 31ºW and crosses the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. It is the most isolated archipelago in the Atlantic, situated 1600 km west of mainland Portugal ...
Transmission loss patterns from acoustic harassment and deterrent devices do not always follow geometrical spreading predictions Shapiro, Ari D.; Tougaard, Jakob; Jorgensen, Poul Boel; Kyhn, Line A.; Balle, Jeppe Dalgaard; Bernardez, Cristina; Fjalling, Arne; Karlsen, Junita; Wahlberg, Magnus (2008-07)Acoustic harassment and deterrent devices have become increasingly popular mitigation tools for negotiating the impacts of marine mammals on fisheries. The rationale for their variable effectiveness remains unexplained ...