The globally distributed genus Alexandrium : multifaceted roles in marine ecosystems and impacts on human health
Anderson, Donald M.
Alpermann, Tilman J.
Cembella, Allan D.
MetadataShow full item record
The dinoflagellate genus Alexandrium is one of the major harmful algal bloom (HAB) genera with respect to the diversity, magnitude and consequences of blooms. The ability of Alexandrium to colonize multiple habitats and to persist over large regions through time is testimony to the adaptability and resilience of this group of species. Three different families of toxins, as well as an as yet incompletely characterized suite of allelochemicals are produced among Alexandrium species. Nutritional strategies are equally diverse, including the ability to utilize a range of inorganic and organic nutrient sources, and feeding by ingestion of other organisms. Many Alexandrium species have complex life histories that include sexuality and often, but not always, cyst formation, which is characteristic of a meroplanktonic life strategy and offers considerable ecological advantages. Due to the public health and ecosystem impacts of Alexandrium blooms, the genus has been extensively studied, and there exists a broad knowledge base that ranges from taxonomy and phylogeny through genomics and toxin biosynthesis to bloom dynamics and modeling. Here we present a review of the genus Alexandrium, focusing on the major toxic and otherwise harmful species.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2011. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Harmful Algae 14 (2012): 10-35, doi:10.1016/j.hal.2011.10.012.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Global transcriptional profiling of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense using Massively Parallel Signature Sequencing Erdner, Deana L.; Anderson, Donald M. (BioMed Central, 2006-04-25)Dinoflagellates are one of the most important classes of marine and freshwater algae, notable both for their functional diversity and ecological significance. They occur naturally as free-living cells, as endosymbionts ...
Assessing the health of the U.S. west coast with a regional-scale application of the Ocean Health Index Halpern, Benjamin S.; Longo, Catherine; Scarborough, Courtney; Hardy, Darren; Best, Benjamin D.; Doney, Scott C.; Katona, Steven K.; McLeod, Karen L.; Rosenberg, Andrew A.; Samhouri, Jameal F. (Public Library of Science, 2014-06-18)Management of marine ecosystems increasingly demands comprehensive and quantitative assessments of ocean health, but lacks a tool to do so. We applied the recently developed Ocean Health Index to assess ocean health in the ...
Erdner, Deana L.; Dyble, Julianne; Parsons, Michael L.; Stevens, Richard C.; Hubbard, Katherine A.; Wrabel, Michele L.; Moore, Stephanie K.; Lefebvre, Kathi A.; Anderson, Donald M.; Bienfang, Paul; Bidigare, Robert R.; Parker, Micaela S.; Moeller, Peter D. R.; Brand, Larry E.; Trainer, Vera L. (BioMed Central, 2008-11-07)Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are one focus of the national research initiatives on Oceans and Human Health (OHH) at NIEHS, NOAA and NSF. All of the OHH Centers, from the east coast to Hawaii, include one or more research ...