Oligotyping : differentiating between closely related microbial taxa using 16S rRNA gene data
Figure S2. Aerial map of seven sampling stations at Little Sippewissett Marsh, Massachusetts, USA. (8.521Mb)
Figure S3. LEfSe analysis results for five categories used to define the origin of samples collected from individuals live in the United States. (18.58Kb)
Eren, A. Murat
Sul, Woo Jun
Murphy, Leslie G.
Grim, Sharon L.
Morrison, Hilary G.
Sogin, Mitchell L.
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Bacteria comprise the most diverse domain of life on Earth, where they occupy nearly every possible ecological niche and play key roles in biological and chemical processes. Studying the composition and ecology of bacterial ecosystems and understanding their function are of prime importance. High-throughput sequencing technologies enable nearly comprehensive descriptions of bacterial diversity through 16S ribosomal RNA gene amplicons. Analyses of these communities generally rely upon taxonomic assignments through reference data bases or clustering approaches using de facto sequence similarity thresholds to identify operational taxonomic units. However, these methods often fail to resolve ecologically meaningful differences between closely related organisms in complex microbial data sets. In this paper, we describe oligotyping, a novel supervised computational method that allows researchers to investigate the diversity of closely related but distinct bacterial organisms in final operational taxonomic units identified in environmental data sets through 16S ribosomal RNA gene data by the canonical approaches. Our analysis of two data sets from two different environments demonstrates the capacity of oligotyping at discriminating distinct microbial populations of ecological importance. Oligotyping can resolve the distribution of closely related organisms across environments and unveil previously overlooked ecological patterns for microbial communities. The URL http://oligotyping.org offers an open-source software pipeline for oligotyping.
© The Authors. Methods in Ecology and Evolution © 2013 British Ecological Society.. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4 (2013): 1111–1119, doi:10.1111/2041-210X.12114.
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