The status of coral reef ecology research in the Red Sea
Berumen, Michael L.
Hoey, A. S.
Bass, W. H.
Cochran, Jesse E. M.
Khalil, M. T.
Mughal, M. R.
Spaet, J. L. Y.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordApex predators; Connectivity; Coral bleaching; Coral reproduction; Herbivory; Marine protected area; Porifera; Reef-associated bacteria
The Red Sea has long been recognized as a region of high biodiversity and endemism. Despite this diversity and early history of scientific work, our understanding of the ecology of coral reefs in the Red Sea has lagged behind that of other large coral reef systems. We carried out a quantitative assessment of ISI-listed research published from the Red Sea in eight specific topics (apex predators, connectivity, coral bleaching, coral reproductive biology, herbivory, marine protected areas, non-coral invertebrates and reef associated bacteria) and compared the amount of research conducted in the Red Sea to that of the Australia’s Great Barrier Reef (GBR) and the Caribbean. On average, for these eight topics, the Red Sea had 1/6th the amount of research compared to the GBR and about 1/8th the amount of the Caribbean. Further, more than 50% of the published research from the Red Sea originated from the Gulf of Aqaba, a small area (< 2% of the area of the Red Sea) in the far northern Red Sea. We summarize the general state of knowledge in these eight topics and highlight areas of future research priorities for the Red Sea region. Notably, data that could inform science-based management approaches is badly lacking in most Red Sea countries. The Red Sea, as a geologically “young” sea located in one of the warmest regions of the world, has the potential to provide insight to pressing topics such as speciation processes as well as the capacity of reef systems and organisms to adapt to global climate change. As one of the world’s most biodiverse coral reef regions, the Red Sea may yet have a significant role to play in our understanding of coral reef ecology at a global scale.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2013. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Springer for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Coral Reefs 32 (2013): 737-748, doi:10.1007/s00338-013-1055-8.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Coral calcification : insights from inorganic experiments and coral responses to environmental variables Holcomb, Michael (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2010-02)Coral calcification is examined using a laboratory model and living corals. In the laboratory model, abiogenic aragonite formed at high saturation state (Ω>~20) had a granular appearance and was enriched in trace elements, ...
Coral biomineralization, climate proxies and the sensitivity of coral reefs to CO2-driven climate change DeCarlo, Thomas M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)Scleractinian corals extract calcium (Ca2+) and carbonate (CO2−3) ions from seawater to construct their calcium carbonate (CaCO3) skeletons. Key to the coral biomineralization process is the active elevation of the CO2−3 ...
Comment on "Radiocarbon calibration curve spanning 0 to 50,000 years BP based on paired 230Th/234U/238U and 14C dates on pristine corals" by R.G. Fairbanks et al. (Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (2005) 1781-1796), and "Extending the radiocarbon calibration beyond 26,000 years before present using fossil corals" by T.-C. Chiu et al. (Quaternary Science Reviews 24 (2005) 1797-1808). Reimer, Paula J.; Baillie, Mike G. L.; Bard, Edouard; Beck, J. Warren; Blackwell, Paul G.; Buck, Caitlin E.; Burr, George S.; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Friedrich, Michael; Guilderson, Thomas P.; Hogg, Alan G.; Hughen, Konrad A.; Kromer, Bernd; McCormac, Gerry; Manning, Sturt; Reimer, Ron W.; Southon, John R.; Stuiver, Minze; van der Plicht, Johannes; Weyhenmeyer, Constanze E. (2006-02)A recently published radiocarbon calibration curve extending to 50,000 cal BP (Fairbanks et al. 2005) is purportedly superior to that generated by the IntCal working group beyond the end of the tree-ring data at 12,400 ...