Humic substances may control dissolved iron distributions in the global ocean : implications from numerical simulations
Moore, J. Keith
Doney, Scott C.
MetadataShow full item record
This study used an ocean general circulation model to simulate the marine iron cycle in an investigation of how simulated distributions of weak iron-binding ligands would be expected to control dissolved iron concentrations in the ocean, with a particular focus on deep ocean waters. The distribution of apparent oxygen utilization was used as a proxy for humic substances that have recently been hypothesized to account for the bulk of weak iron-binding ligands in seawater. Compared to simulations using a conventional approach with homogeneous ligand distributions, the simulations that incorporated spatially variable ligand concentrations exhibited substantial improvement in the simulation of global dissolved iron distributions as revealed by comparisons with available field data. The improved skill of the simulations resulted largely because the spatially variable ligand distributions led to a more reasonable basin-scale variation of the residence time of iron when present at high concentrations. The model results, in conjunction with evidence from recent field studies, suggest that humic substances play an important role in the iron cycle in the ocean.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2013. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Global Biogeochemical Cycles 27 (2013): 450-462, doi:10.1002/gbc.20039.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Atmospheric carbon dioxide variability in the Community Earth System Model : evaluation and transient dynamics during the twentieth and twenty-first centuries Keppel-Aleks, Gretchen; Randerson, James T.; Lindsay, Keith; Stephens, Britton B.; Moore, J. Keith; Doney, Scott C.; Thornton, Peter E.; Mahowald, Natalie M.; Hoffman, Forrest M.; Sweeney, Colm; Tans, Pieter P.; Wennberg, Paul O.; Wofsy, Steven C. (American Meteorological Society, 2013-07-01)Changes in atmospheric CO2 variability during the twenty-first century may provide insight about ecosystem responses to climate change and have implications for the design of carbon monitoring programs. This paper describes ...
Moore, J. Keith; Doney, Scott C.; Lindsay, Keith (American Geophysical Union, 2004-12-14)A global three-dimensional marine ecosystem model with several key phytoplankton functional groups, multiple limiting nutrients, explicit iron cycling, and a mineral ballast/organic matter parameterization is run within a ...
Carbon-nitrogen interactions regulate climate-carbon cycle feedbacks : results from an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model Thornton, Peter E.; Doney, Scott C.; Lindsay, Keith; Moore, J. Keith; Mahowald, Natalie M.; Randerson, James T.; Fung, Inez Y.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Feddema, J. J.; Lee, Y.-H. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2009-10-08)Inclusion of fundamental ecological interactions between carbon and nitrogen cycles in the land component of an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model (AOGCM) leads to decreased carbon uptake associated with CO2 ...