Envisioning a marine biodiversity observation network
Duffy, J. Emmett
Amaral-Zettler, Linda A.
Fautin, Daphne G.
Rynearson, Tatiana A.
Sosik, Heidi M.
Stachowicz, John J.
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KeywordBiodiversity observation network (BON),; Biosecurity; Climate change; Ecosystem-based management; Ecosystem services
Humans depend on diverse ocean ecosystems for food, jobs, and sustained well-being, yet many stressors threaten marine life. Extensive research has demonstrated that maintaining biodiversity promotes ocean health and service provision; therefore, monitoring the status and trends of marine biodiversity is important for effective ecosystem management. However, there is no systematic sustained program for evaluating ocean biodiversity. Coordinating existing monitoring and building a proactive marine biodiversity observation network will support efficient, economical resource management and conservation and should be a high priority. A synthesis of expert opinions suggests that, to be most effective, a marine biodiversity observation network should integrate biological levels, from genes to habitats; link biodiversity observations to abiotic environmental variables; site projects to incorporate environmental forcing and biogeography; and monitor adaptively to address emerging issues. We summarize examples illustrating how to leverage existing data and infrastructure to meet these goals.
Author Posting. © University of California Press and American Institute of Biological Sciences, 2013. This article is posted here by permission of University of California Press and American Institute of Biological Sciences for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in BioScience 63 (2013): 350-361, doi:10.1525/bio.2013.63.5.8.
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