Movement of deep-sea coral populations on climatic timescales
Roberts, Mark L.
McNichol, Ann P.
Jenkins, William J.
Subhas, Adam V.
Thresher, Ronald E.
Adkins, Jess F.
MetadataShow full item record
During the past 40,000 years, global climate has moved into and out of a full glacial period, with the deglaciation marked by several millennial-scale rapid climate change events. Here we investigate the ecological response of deep-sea coral communities to both glaciation and these rapid climate change events. We find that the deep-sea coral populations of Desmophyllum dianthus in both the North Atlantic and the Tasmanian seamounts expand at times of rapid climate change. However, during the more stable Last Glacial Maximum, the coral population globally retreats to a more restricted depth range. Holocene populations show regional patterns that provide some insight into what causes these dramatic changes in population structure. The most important factors are likely responses to climatically driven changes in productivity, [O2] and [CO32–].
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2013. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography 28 (2013): 227–236, doi:10.1002/palo.20023.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Coral biomineralization, climate proxies and the sensitivity of coral reefs to CO2-driven climate change DeCarlo, Thomas M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2017-02)Scleractinian corals extract calcium (Ca2+) and carbonate (CO2−3) ions from seawater to construct their calcium carbonate (CaCO3) skeletons. Key to the coral biomineralization process is the active elevation of the CO2−3 ...
Bromage, Erin; Carpenter, Lawrence; Kaattari, Stephen; Patterson, Mark (Inter-Research, 2009-02-11)The induction and regulation of heat shock proteins (hsps) is a significant defense mechanism that can preserve metabolic function and foster recovery from short-term stress events. Present coral sampling methodologies ...
Coral calcification : insights from inorganic experiments and coral responses to environmental variables Holcomb, Michael (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2010-02)Coral calcification is examined using a laboratory model and living corals. In the laboratory model, abiogenic aragonite formed at high saturation state (Ω>~20) had a granular appearance and was enriched in trace elements, ...