Passive localization of underwater acoustic beacons
Wojcik, Dennis M.
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis examines the use of a single, omnidirectional hydrophone as a receiving sensor to passively localize an acoustic beacon. The localization problem is presented as a constrained, nonlinear parameter estimation problem, and Lagrange multipliers are introduced to solve for the maximum likelihood estimate of the acoustic beacon's position. An iterative algorithm is developed using range difference measurements to solve for the maximum likelihood estimate of a stationary acoustic beacon's position. This algorithm is then _extended to include linear, constant velocity motion of the acoustic beacon. Finally, design specifications for a receiver to implement the maximum likelihood estimation algorithms are developed. To test the maximum likelihood estimate algorithms, Monte Carlo simulations are conducted. Results from six representative scenarios are presented. Test results show that as the number of range differences used increases, or the distance that the observer travels between received beacon signals increases, the accuracy of the estimated position improves. Also, tests show that accuracy of the estimated beacon position is directly related to the accuracy in which the observer's position is measured. To test the receiver's design specifications, a prototype receiver is built using commonly available components. It is then shown that the prototype receiver meets or exceeds the design specifications.
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution September 1993
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Lewis, Matthew R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2014-09)Underwater acoustic communication is an extremely complex field that faces many challenges due to the time-varying nature of the ocean environment. Vector sensors are a proven technology that when utilizing their directional ...
Bohner, Christopher George (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2003-09)A novel distributed underwater acoustic networking (UAN) protocol suitable for ad-hoc deployments of both stationary and mobile nodes dispersed across a relatively wide coverage area is presented. Nodes are dynamically ...
Quantification of the spatial and temporal evolution of stratified shear instabilities at high Reynolds number using quantitative acoustic scattering techniques Fincke, Jonathan R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-02)The spatial and temporal evolution of stratified shear instabilities is quantified in a highly stratified and energetic estuary. The measurements are made using high-resolution acoustic backscatter from an array composed ...