A tomographic view of the Gulf Stream southern recirculation gyre at 38°N, 55°W
Chester, David B.
MetadataShow full item record
Reciprocal acoustic transmissions made in a region just south of the Gulf Stream are analyzed to determine the structure and variability of temperature, current velocity, and vorticity fields at the northern extent of the southern recirculation gyre. For ten months (November, 1988 through August, 1989), a pentagonal array of tomographic transceivers was situated in a region centered at 38°N, 55°W as part of the eastern array of the SYNOP (SYNoptic Ocean Prediction) Experiment. The region of focus is one rich in mesoscale energy, with the influence of local Gulf Stream meandering and cold-core ring activity strikingly evident. Daily-averaged acoustic transmissions yielded travel times which were inverted to obtain estimates of range-averaged temperature and current velocity fields, and area-averaged relative vorticity fields. The acoustically determined estimates are consistent with nearby current meter measurements and satellite infrared imagery. The signature of cold-core rings is clearly evident in the sections. Spectral estimates of the fields are dominated by motions with periodicities ranging from 32-128 days. Second-order statistics, such as eddy kinetic energies, and heat and momentum fluxes, are also estimated. The integrating nature of the tomographic measurement has been exploited to shed some light on the radiation of eddy energy from the Gulf Stream. The Eliassen-Palm flux diagnostic has been applied to an investigation of wave radiation from the Gulf Stream. Results of the diagnosis suggest that the Gulf Stream itself is the source of wave energy radiating into the far field and found in the interior of the North Atlantic subtropical gyre.
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution February 1993
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Green, Sarah A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-02)The work presented in this thesis consists of three parts. The first is a photophysical study of the mechanism of fluorescence quenching by stable nitroxyl radicals, which are becoming an important analytical tool for ...
Comprehensive study of a heavy fuel oil spill : modeling and analytical approaches to understanding environmental weathering Lemkau, Karin L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2012-06)Driven by increasingly heavy oil reserves and more efficient refining technologies, use of heavy fuel oils for power generation is rising. Unlike other refined products and crude oils, a large portion of these heavy oils ...
Hoyt, Joshua King (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-05)The Flying Fish is an autonomous, streamlined, gravity driven underwater vehicle of high speed (15 knots) vertical excursions to depths of 6000 meters. This prototype uses short baseline acoustic interferometry to guide ...