A tomographic ocean sound speed profile from a long veritcal acoustic array
Njeru, James Murwanthanje
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LocationNortheast Pacific Ocean
An average sound speed profile over a 1000 km section of the northeast Pacific ocean is obtained using Ocean Acoustic Tomography, from data acquired during the 1987 SVLA experiment on a long (900 m) 120 hydrophone vertical acoustic array. In particular, we pulse compress the received signal with a phase-only matched filter. The signal, centered at 80Hz, is phase-modulated by a maximal length sequence. A fast m-sequence cross-correlation algorithm based on the Hadamard transform is used. In addition, wide band Doppler correction and coherent averaging of repetitions of the signal are performed. The tomographic inversion is initialized from a range averaged climatological profile. Multipaths are identified from ray theory. The identified arrivals are inverted for a range-independent sound speed profile change estimate. Estimates of source and array position error are also obtained. For the limited data set used, the sound speed change estimate is found to be insignificant, and a significant instrument position estimate is obtained.
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution February 1992
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