Collinear analysis of altimeter data in the Bering Sea
Barber, Deborah K.
MetadataShow full item record
Eighteen months of sea surface height data from the GEOSAT altimeter along collinear subtracks were analyzed for information on the circulation pattern in the Bering Sea. Seventy subtracks from both ascending and descending orbits, with as many as 35 repeat cycles along each subtrack, were analyzed. Orbit errors were removed from the height data using a least-squares fit to a cubic polynomial, weighted by the inverse of the height variance. Addition of the weights decreased contamination of residual height profiles by the large geoid signal. Composite maps of variability along each track revealed patterns of increased variability in the regions of the documented Bering slope current (BSC) and the proposed western boundary current (WBC); however, no evidence was found of the expected bifurcation of the BSC near the Siberian coast. Past observations of tides in the Bering Sea were reviewed along with a local tide model to detect tidal contributions to the mesoscale sea surface height variability. The tidal analysis suggested that residual tides contributed primarily to the longer wavelengths which were removed in the collinear processing. Examination of the Schwiderski tidal correction proved it to be a sensible correction, reducing the height variance by approximately 60%. Finally, using a Gaussian model for the BSC velocity profile, synthetic residual heights were generated and fit to the actual data to produce estimates of absolute surface geostrophic velocity and transport. Comparisons of mean flow, height fluctuations and seasonal trends across the BSC, the WBC and Bering Strait support the hypothesis that the BSC turns north at Cape Navarin into the WBC which, in turn, is capable of supplying a major part of the transport through the Bering Strait.
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution September 1989
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Cherian, Deepak A. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-09)Eddies in the ocean move westwards. Those shed by western boundary currents must then interact with continental shelf-slope topography at the western boundary. The presence of other eddies and mean lows complicates this ...
Ecology of chemical defenses of algae against the herbivorous snail, Littorina littorea, in the New England rocky intertidal community Geiselman, Joy Ann (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-02)In the New England rocky intertidal community, space is dominated by two perennial plant types, brown fucoid algae (Ascophyllum nodosum and several species of Fucus) in the mid zones and the red alga Chondrus crispus ...
Experimental and seismological constraints on the rheology, evolution, and alteration of the lithosphere at oceanic spreading centers deMartin, Brian J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2007-02)Oceanic spreading centers are sites of magmatic, tectonic, and hydrothermal processes. In this thesis I present experimental and seismological constraints on the evolution of these complex regions of focused crustal ...